01 June 2016
The study aims to confirm the association of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with serum angiotensin II (AngII), kallikrein1 (KLK1), and ACE/KLK1 polymorphisms.
Serum AngII/KLK1 levels and ACE and KLK1 genotypes were determined in 208 patients with AMI and 216 normal controls. Binary logistic regression was used for data analysis.
The differences in serum AngII levels were statistically significant between the groups. After adjusting for potential confounding factors, high serum levels of AngII and KLK1 significantly increased the risk of AMI. The individuals with ACE DD and KLK1 GG genotypes significantly increased the risk of AMI compared with those harboring the ACE II and KLK1 AA genotypes (OR = 8.77, 95% CI = 1.74–44.16).
(1) Increasing the serum levels of AngII increased the risk of AMI. (2) The risk of AMI increased significantly when the serum levels of AngII and KLK1 simultaneously increased. (3) Individuals with the combined genotypes of ACE DD and KLK1 GG showed significantly increased risk of AMI compared with those with the combined genotypes of ACE II and KLK1 AA.