This study compared the effect of collagen vascular disease-associated interstitial lung disease (CVD-ILD) with that of idiopathic interstitial pneumonias (IIPs) on the outcomes of lung cancer surgery.
This study retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent surgery for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and compared the data of 16 patients with CVD-ILD with those of 70 patients with IIPs. The patterns of interstitial lung disease (ILD) on chest computed tomography were classified into usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) and non-specific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP) patterns.
The numbers of UIP and NSIP patterns were 10 (62.5%) and 6 (37.5%) patients in CVD-ILD group, and 62 (88.6%) and 8 (11.4%) patients in IIPs group, respectively. A postoperative acute exacerbation (AE) appeared in 1 patient (6.3%) in the CVD-ILD group and 6 patients (8.6%) in the IIPs group. No significant differences in the incidence of postoperative AE and mortalities were observed between the two groups. The five-year overall survival rates of the CVD-ILD and IIPs groups were 37.5 and 49.2%, respectively.