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      lsosorbide-5-mononitrato nell’angina pectoris: Effficacia ed assenza di tolleranza e rebound con una somministrazione di tipo eccentrico

      a , b , c , d

      Cardiology

      S. Karger AG

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          Abstract

          214 patients with angina pectoris were randomized to placebo or isosor-bide-5-mononitrate (ISMN) rapid release 5, 10 or 20 mg b.i.d. at 8 a.m. and 3 p.m. Exercise tests were performed between 8 a.m. and 10 p.m., before and 2 and 7 h after each dose on days 2 and 14 and before and 2 h after the morning dose on days 7 and 21. All doses of ISMN increased exercise duration significantly more than placebo, and this effect lasted throughout most of the day. It was maximal (73 s; 24%) 2 h after the morning dose, slightly attenuated but still significant at 7 h, increased 2 h after the second dose and attenuated but still greater than with placebo at 7 h. The increase was even greater at 3 weeks (99 s; 29%), perhaps due to a training effect. Similar improvement was observed in other exercise parameters. There was no significant dose response. There were 100% more anginal attacks in the placebo than in the 20-mg treatment group. No rebound (assessed by comparing exercise duration before the morning dose between the groups) was observed. Conclusion: ISMN b.i.d. eccentrically has an antianginal effect throughout most of the day, peaking at 2 h. This effect is sustained during chronic therapy, without tolerance or rebound.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-5893-8
          978-3-318-01947-6
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1994
          1994
          18 November 2008
          : 84
          : Suppl 1
          : 4-12
          Affiliations
          aCardiovascular Research Foundation, Bad Schwalbach, Germany; bAshkelon, cSefad, dRehovot, Israel
          Article
          176439 Cardiology 1994;84:4–12
          10.1159/000176439
          8087823
          © 1994 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 9
          Categories
          Paper

          General medicine, Neurology, Cardiovascular Medicine, Internal medicine, Nephrology

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