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      Efeito do lítio sobre a hiperatividade locomotora induzida pela lesão eletrolítica da região do núcleo mediano da rafe em ratos Translated title: Effect of lithium treatment on the locomotor hyperactivity induced by the lesion of the region of the median raphe nucleus in rats

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          Abstract

          A lesão do núcleo mediano da rafe (NMR) produz sintomas que sugerem validade de face ao episódio maníaco. Esta pesquisa avaliou o efeito do lítio sobre a hiperatividade locomotora induzida por esta lesão. Vinte e um ratos Wistar machos foram submetidos à lesão eletrolítica da região do NMR (LR) e 17 foram submetidos à lesão fictícia (LF). Após recuperação, a atividade locomotora foi avaliada na caixa de atividade (Med Associates/ENV-515). Parte dos animais destes grupos recebeu tratamentos com lítio (47,5 mg/kg/2x dia i.p.) por 10 dias, enquanto o restante foi tratado com salina no mesmo esquema. A reavaliação ao final dos tratamentos demonstrou que o lítio reduziu significantemente a atividade locomotora em relação à avaliação inicial no grupo LR (ANOVA/Bonferroni p < 0,05), tornando-a equivalente aos baixos níveis dos grupos LF. Estes dados sustentam a hipótese de que as manifestações induzidas pela lesão do NMR podem constituir um modelo animal de mania.

          Translated abstract

          The lesion of the Median Raphe Nucleus (MRN) produces symptoms that suggest face validity for manic episodes. This research evaluated the effect of lithium treatment on the locomotor hyperactivity induced by this lesion. Twenty-one Wistar male rats were submitted to the lesion of the region of the MRN (LR) and 17 were sham lesioned (LF). After recovery, the locomotor activity was evaluated in an activity chamber (Med Associates/ENV-515). A subgroup received lithium (47.5 mg/kg/twice a day i.p.) for 10 days, while the other animals received saline in the same schedule. The reevaluation at the end of the treatments showed that only lithium significantly reduced the activity of LR group compared to baseline levels (ANOVA/Bonferroni p < 0.05), making it equivalent to low levels of LF groups. These data support the hypothesis that the behavioral manifestations induced by the lesion of the MRN may constitute an animal model of mania.

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          Most cited references 56

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          The Psychology of Fear and Stress

           JA Gray,  J. Gray,  J.A. Gray (1971)
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            Using animal models to test a neurodevelopmental hypothesis of schizophrenia.

            A series of studies has shown that neonatal excitotoxic disconnection of the rat ventral hippocampus may serve as a heuristic model of schizophrenia. The model mimics a spectrum of neurobiologic and behavioural features of schizophrenia. It produces functional pathology in critical brain regions implicated in schizophrenia and connected with the hippocampal formation, namely, the striatum, nucleus accumbens and the prefrontal cortex. These brain regions are also targeted by antipsychotic drugs. Neonatal insult leads in young adulthood to the emergence of abnormalities in a number of dopamine-related behaviours. It also models some of the negative aspects of schizophrenia, such as social impairments and working memory deficits. Moreover, our data show that even transient inactivation of the ventral hippocampus during a critical period of development that produces subtle anatomical changes in the hippocampus may be sufficient to trigger behavioural changes similar to those observed in animals with the permanent excitotoxic lesion. The results of bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation studies show that this transient disconnection in the CA1 and CA2 area of the hippocampus may have long-lasting consequences for neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus. Our data suggest that neonatal disconnection of the ventral hippocampus alters development and plasticity of prefrontal cortical circuitry and produces a constellation of behavioural and cellular changes that mimic many aspects of schizophrenia. The neonatal hippocampal disconnection model represents a potential new model of schizophrenia without a gross anatomical lesion.
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              The Psychology of Fear and Stress.

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                epsic
                Estudos de Psicologia (Natal)
                Estud. psicol. (Natal)
                PPgPsi-UFRN (Natal )
                1413-294X
                April 2012
                : 17
                : 1
                : 121-128
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidade Estadual Paulista Brazil
                [2 ] Universidade de São Paulo Brazil
                Article
                S1413-294X2012000100015
                10.1590/S1413-294X2012000100015
                Product
                Product Information: website

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