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      Medicalisation and psychologisation of poverty? An analysis of the scientific poverty discourse from 1956 to 2017

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      Journal of Poverty and Social Justice
      Bristol University Press

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          Abstract

          Recent social science scholarship has argued that poverty is increasingly discussed as a problem that can have medical or psychological causes and could be tackled through therapeutic and health-related interventions. The aim of this study is to investigate if such a trend towards the medicalisation and psychologisation of poverty is present in the scientific poverty discourse. We analysed 13,553 articles on poverty in advanced, industrialised countries published between 1956 and 2017 and indexed in Web of Science. The results show that health sciences and psychology have been the fastest-growing research areas and the individual disciplines with currently the largest publication output on poverty.

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          Boundary-Work and the Demarcation of Science from Non-Science: Strains and Interests in Professional Ideologies of Scientists

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            Comparison of PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar: strengths and weaknesses.

            The evolution of the electronic age has led to the development of numerous medical databases on the World Wide Web, offering search facilities on a particular subject and the ability to perform citation analysis. We compared the content coverage and practical utility of PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar. The official Web pages of the databases were used to extract information on the range of journals covered, search facilities and restrictions, and update frequency. We used the example of a keyword search to evaluate the usefulness of these databases in biomedical information retrieval and a specific published article to evaluate their utility in performing citation analysis. All databases were practical in use and offered numerous search facilities. PubMed and Google Scholar are accessed for free. The keyword search with PubMed offers optimal update frequency and includes online early articles; other databases can rate articles by number of citations, as an index of importance. For citation analysis, Scopus offers about 20% more coverage than Web of Science, whereas Google Scholar offers results of inconsistent accuracy. PubMed remains an optimal tool in biomedical electronic research. Scopus covers a wider journal range, of help both in keyword searching and citation analysis, but it is currently limited to recent articles (published after 1995) compared with Web of Science. Google Scholar, as for the Web in general, can help in the retrieval of even the most obscure information but its use is marred by inadequate, less often updated, citation information.
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              Answering the Call for a Standard Reliability Measure for Coding Data

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Journal of Poverty and Social Justice
                Bristol University Press
                1759-8273
                1759-8281
                October 2020
                October 2020
                : 28
                : 3
                : 361-381
                Affiliations
                [1 ]University of Siegen, Germany
                Article
                10.1332/175982720X15979441697421
                6c6fa6cd-8771-4831-9af2-19f42948ea62
                © 2020
                History

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