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      Priming With Childhood Constructs Influences Distance Perception

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          Abstract

          The aim of our study was to examine whether priming adults with childhood constructs changes distance perception. Two alternative hypotheses could be derived: (1) The fundamental reference approach in visual perception of sizes and distances predicts that priming with childhood constructs should enlarge perceived distance (the world should be larger to a small observer); (2) and, conversely, the action-specific account of perception predicts that priming with childhood constructs should make distances seem shorter (a more physically active child should underestimate distances as more attainable). The results consistently support the second theory. Experiment 1 showed that being either explicitly or implicitly primed with childhood constructs decreased perceptions of distance as compared to that evaluated in the control groups. This effect was noticeable for long distances and only marginally significant for short distances. Also, this effect was not mediated by mood. Experiment 2 replicated the result of explicit priming with an additional control condition (baseline). The effect remained significant after controlling for the participants’ evaluation of their childhood memories, tendency to relive memories from their childhood, having children, having a driver’s license, and the participants’ height.

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          Most cited references 41

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          The perception-behavior expressway: Automatic effects of social perception on social behavior

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            Self-schemata and processing information about the self.

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Front Psychol
                Front Psychol
                Front. Psychol.
                Frontiers in Psychology
                Frontiers Media S.A.
                1664-1078
                30 June 2020
                2020
                : 11
                Affiliations
                1Faculty of Psychology, University of Warsaw , Warsaw, Poland
                2Department of Psychiatry, Medical University of Warsaw , Warsaw, Poland
                Author notes

                Edited by: Haluk Ogmen, University of Denver, United States

                Reviewed by: Lionel Brunel, Paul Valéry University, France; Thomas Sanocki, University of South Florida, United States

                *Correspondence: Hubert Suszek, hubert.suszek@ 123456psych.uw.edu.pl

                This article was submitted to Perception Science, a section of the journal Frontiers in Psychology

                Article
                10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01184
                7344317
                Copyright © 2020 Suszek, Kofta and Kopera.

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

                Page count
                Figures: 3, Tables: 1, Equations: 0, References: 47, Pages: 11, Words: 0
                Categories
                Psychology
                Original Research

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