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      Evaluation of CK and CK-MB in Alcohol Abuse Subjects with Recent Heavy Consumption

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          Abstract

          We analyzed CK and CK-MB levels over 24 h in 15 male subjects admitted for alcohol detoxification following recent heavy ingestion. None had clinical or electrocardiographic evidence of myocardial ischemia or infarction. The mean 0-hour serum alcohol level ± SD was 342 ± 101 mg/dl. CK levels were measured by Kodak Ektachem and Abbott IMx assays, and CK-MB levels were determined by these assays and the Hybritech isoenzyme test. In 36% of the patients elevated 0-hour CK levels by the IMx and Ektachem assays were observed. The CK levels measured every 8 h decreased so that by 24 h CK was elevated in 1 patient by the Ektachem assay and in 2 by the IMx assay. Only 1 patient (7%) had an elevated 0-hour CK-MB value by two of the three assays, and it is unclear whether the source was cardiac or extracardiac. We conclude that: (1) elevated CK levels are common in heavy alcohol use patients without evidence of myocardial ischemia; (2) CK values over the first 24 h are decremental, not rising and falling as is typical of myocardial infarction and (3) current isoenzyme immunoassays eliminate a cardiac cause for elevated CK in most of these patients. These findings may assist in the evaluation of alcoholic patients with chest pain.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1995
          1995
          18 November 2008
          : 86
          : 2
          : 130-134
          Affiliations
          aUniversity of New Mexico School of Medicine and University Hospital, bVeterans Administration Hospital, Albuquerque, N. Mex., USA
          Article
          176855 Cardiology 1995;86:130–134
          10.1159/000176855
          7728802
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 5
          Categories
          General Cardiology

          General medicine, Neurology, Cardiovascular Medicine, Internal medicine, Nephrology

          Alcoholism, Enzymes, CK-MB

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