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      A comparative study of socioeconomic status, perceived social support and psychological distress of mothers of children with and without disabilities

      1 , 2 , 3 ,   4
      International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation
      Mark Allen Group

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          Abstract

          Background/Aims

          Quality of life has been defined as a measure of a person's physical wellbeing, psychological state, and social relationships. However, comparisons of psychological distress, socioeconomic status, and social support between mothers of children with and without disabilities have been limited, particularly in Saudi Arabia. The aim of this study is to comparatively evaluate the socioeconomic status, perceived social support, and psychological distress of mothers of children with and without disabilities.

          Methods

          The Socio-Demographic Information Form, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, and the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales were completed by 200 mothers of children with cerebral palsy or Down's syndrome and 100 mothers of children without disabilities.

          Results

          Welch's test indicated significant differences between the two groups on the total Depression Anxiety Stress Scales and all its subscales (<0.01) and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support Friends subscale (0.02).

          Conclusions

          Mothers of children with disabilities perceived high levels of overall social support, which might have reduced their psychological distress. It is recommended for rehabilitation centres to organise support groups for family members. It will also be beneficial for families of children with disabilities, if heath sector policy makers can review and develop effective socioeconomic policies to improve their standards of living.

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          Most cited references70

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          The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support

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            Development and reliability of a system to classify gross motor function in children with cerebral palsy

            To address the need for a standardized system to classify the gross motor function of children with cerebral palsy, the authors developed a five-level classification system analogous to the staging and grading systems used in medicine. Nominal group process and Delphi survey consensus methods were used to examine content validity and revise the classification system until consensus among 48 experts (physical therapists, occupational therapists, and developmental pediatricians with expertise in cerebral palsy) was achieved. Interrater reliability (kappa) was 0.55 for children less than 2 years of age and 0.75 for children 2 to 12 years of age. The classification system has application for clinical practice, research, teaching, and administration.
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              Socioeconomic Status, Family Processes, and Individual Development.

              Research during the past decade shows that social class or socioeconomic status (SES) is related to satisfaction and stability in romantic unions, the quality of parent-child relationships, and a range of developmental outcomes for adults and children. This review focuses on evidence regarding potential mechanisms proposed to account for these associations. Research findings reported during the past decade demonstrate support for an interactionist model of the relationship between SES and family life, which incorporates assumptions from both the social causation and social selection perspectives. The review concludes with recommendations for future research on SES, family processes and individual development in terms of important theoretical and methodological issues yet to be addressed.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation
                International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation
                Mark Allen Group
                1759-779X
                September 02 2019
                September 02 2019
                : 26
                : 9
                : 1-16
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Associate Professor, Rehabilitation Sciences Department, College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
                [2 ]Associate Professor, Health Sciences Department, College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
                [3 ]Associate Professor, Psychology Department, College of Education, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
                [4 ]Associate Professor, Rehabilitation Sciences Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
                Article
                10.12968/ijtr.2018.0019
                6ce080b2-e97d-413e-b885-985f8d9b6f4d
                © 2019
                History

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