The two newest members of the urocortin (UCN)/corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) family of peptides – UCN II and UCN III – bind to the CRH-2 receptor, suppress feeding, and are expressed in the periphery as well as the brain. We used several sensitive techniques to examine their interactions with the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Of the four known peptides in this family, each interacts with the BBB differently. UCN I barely enters the brain from blood unless its latent saturable influx system is activated by leptin or pretreatment with glucose. However, neither leptin nor glucose affected the entry of intact UCN II. UCN II reached brain paranchyma at a moderate rate that was not self-inhibited or cross-inhibited by UCN/CRH peptides. The apparent, but misleading, rapid influx of UCN III (stresscopin) could be explained by degradation at the BBB itself. Influx of CRH into brain was slower than UCN II but faster than UCN I; it was inhibited by excess CRH but not by excess UCN I, II, III, or leptin. CRH is the only member of this family to have a saturable efflux system out of the brain. Determination of hydrogen bonding, newly applied here to ingestive peptides, was not helpful in explaining these differential interactions of the UCN peptides with the BBB.