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      Gran mioma uterino y embarazo: reporte de un caso


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          Los grandes miomas uterinos son raros durante la gestación. Este es el reporte de un caso cuyo mioma pesó 2880 g que se resolvió por cesárea y miomectomía, sin  omplicaciones maternas o perinatales.

          Translated abstract

          Big uterine myomas are rare during gestation. This is the report of a big uterine myoma (2880 g) and pregnancy. Expectant management with cesarean section and myomectomy, were racticed, without perinatal and maternal complications

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          Most cited references44

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          Complications in pregnancy, labor, and delivery with uterine leiomyomas: a population-based study.

          To determine the extent to which uterine leiomyomas are associated with characteristics of pregnancy, labor, and neonatal outcome recorded on birth certificates. In a population-based series of women who delivered singleton live infants in Washington state from 1987-1993, we linked computerized birth certificates and hospital discharge records to investigate the relationship between uterine leiomyomas and complications in pregnancy and delivery. Subjects were 2065 women with uterine leiomyomas noted on computerized hospital discharge records. From the remaining records, a comparison group of women without uterine leiomyomas diagnoses were selected at random and frequency-matched by birth year to women with leiomyomas. We used unconditional logistic regression to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of pregnancy or delivery complications in relation to uterine leiomyomas after multivariate adjustment. Women with leiomyomas were more likely than controls to be over age 35 at delivery, nulliparous, or black. We observed independent associations between uterine leiomyomas and abruptio placentae (OR 3. 87, 95% CI 1.63, 9.17), first trimester bleeding (OR 1.82, 95% CI 1. 05, 3.20), dysfunctional labor (OR 1.85, 95% CI 1.26, 2.72), and breech presentation (OR 3.98, 95% CI 3.07, 5.16). The risk of cesarean was also higher among women with uterine leiomyomas (OR 6. 39, 95% CI 5.46, 7.50), but a portion of the excess risk might have been due to biased detection of leiomyomas at cesarean delivery. Leiomyomas appear to increase likelihood of complications during pregnancy, labor, and delivery.
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            Clinical symptomatology of uterine leiomyomas.

            D Stovall (2001)
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              Traditional surgical approaches to uterine fibroids: abdominal myomectomy and hysterectomy.

              Abdominal myomectomy and hysterectomy remain the traditional treatment of large symptomatic uterine myomas. The preoperative indications for abdominal myomectomy or hysterectomy must be clearly evaluated and delineated avoid unnecessary intervention. There appears to be an increasing trend toward expectant management for asymptomatic uterine myomas. Women should consider the options of myomectomy and hysterectomy when their symptoms are severe enough to warrant intervention and the benefits of intervention outweigh the risks. The advantages and disadvantages of preoperative medical also must be addressed before intervention. The factors influencing the choice of therapy seem to be strongly dependent on both the patient and physician preferences. A clinical approach to abdominal myomectomy in patients with infertility and repetitive miscarriage has been presented in this chapter. The rapid development and use of minimally invasive innovations and adjunctive medical therapies has provided clinicians with a wealth of alternatives. A practical and cost-effective approach based on the data currently available have been presented; however, there remains a paucity of prospective randomized data to evaluate and compare the effectiveness and safety of these alternative treatments to abdominal myomectomy and hysterectomy. Future studies should help define the optimal candidates for traditional surgical treatment with abdominal myomectomy and hysterectomy.

                Author and article information

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                Revista de Obstetricia y Ginecología de Venezuela
                Rev Obstet Ginecol Venez
                Sociedad de Obstetricia y Ginecología de Venezuela (Caracas )
                June 2004
                : 64
                : 2
                : 115-119
                [1 ] Universidad del Zulia



                SciELO Venezuela

                Self URI (journal page): http://www.scielo.org.ve/scielo.php?script=sci_serial&pid=0048-7732&lng=en

                Obstetrics & Gynecology
                Big uterine myomas,Uterus,Myoma,Pregnancy,Grandes miomas uterinos,Útero,Mioma,Embarazo


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