28 November 2002
The presence of a well-developed contractile apparatus is the feature determining major roles of podocytes in the renal glomeruli. Receptors for a variety of vasoactive hormones are expressed in these cells; however, most of the signaling pathways are still unknown and remain to be elucidated. Angiotensin II (Ang II) and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), due to their opposite action, are the major modulators of glomerular filtration. In podocytes, Ang II induces rise in intracellular calcium concentration, whereas ANP stimulates generation of cGMP. The present study was designed to check whether ANP-stimulated cGMP synthesis in podocytes might be affected by Ang II. Cultured rat (RP) and mouse (MP) podocytes were stimulated with ANP, in the absence or presence of Ang II and cyclic GMP was determined by RIA method. Co-incubation of podocytes with ANP and Ang II caused significant (p < 0.01) suppression of ANP-dependent cGMP generation. The effect was prevented by saralasin, an inhibitor of angiotensin receptors. Phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) mimicked, whereas chelerythrine reversed inhibitory effect of Ang II. In conclusion, angiotensin II counteracts ANP-stimulated cGMP synthesis in cultured podocytes. It seems likely that the protein kinase C pathway is involved in this effect.