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      Fibroadhesive Form of Tuberculous Peritonitis: Chyloperitoneum in a Patient Undergoing Automated Peritoneal Dialysis

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          Abstract

          Chyloperitoneum is a rare condition in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis. We report here a patient who developed chylous ascites during the course of tuberculous peritonitis. The diagnosis was confirmed by cultures of dialysate and peritoneal biopsy, and laparoscopy revealed severe hyperemia and intestine adhesion. Intrinsic lymphatic obstruction and superimposed peritoneal fibrosis together might be responsible for the pathogenesis of this special presentation. Although in most cases of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, the causes of chyloperitoneum remained unknown, we suggest, from the experience of this case, that tuberculous peritonitis, especially the fibroadhesive form, should be highly suspected in any dialysis cases with chyloperitoneum. Laparoscopy should be initiated early, particularly when the culture is negative for common pathogens or when the patient responds poorly to the usual antimicrobial agents.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1996
          1996
          18 December 2008
          : 72
          : 4
          : 708-711
          Affiliations
          Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China
          Article
          188969 Nephron 1996;72:708–711
          10.1159/000188969
          8730450
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

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          Page count
          Pages: 4
          Categories
          Case Report

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