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      Les amétropies statiques du noir camerounais

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          Abstract

          Purpose: We undertook this study with the aim to determine static ametropias of black Cameroonians as well as their clinical manifestations. It is a prospective study carried out in the Department of Ophthalmology of Douala General Hospital from January 1996 to December 1998. Patients and Method: During this period, all patients who fulfilled our criteria had a skiascopy done under cycloplegia. We thus examined 2,484 patients (4,968 eyes). 66.2% of them were female and 33.8% were male. Results: In our series, hyperopia was found in 51% of the cases, hyperopic astigmatism in 27.5% of the cases, myopic astigmatism in 9.3% of cases, mixed astigmatism in 7.7% of cases and myopia in 4.5% of cases. Distribution of ametropias is influenced by age, not by sex or laterality. Discussion and Conclusion: Functional signs just have an indicative value; only objective refraction under cycloplegia can determine exactly the ametropia.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          OPH
          Ophthalmologica
          10.1159/issn.0030-3755
          Ophthalmologica
          S. Karger AG
          0030-3755
          1423-0267
          2001
          June 2001
          20 April 2001
          : 215
          : 3
          : 212-216
          Affiliations
          Hôpital Général de Douala, Douala, Cameroun
          Article
          50861 Ophthalmologica 2001;215:212–216
          10.1159/000050861
          11340394
          © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 1, Tables: 6, References: 12, Pages: 5
          Categories
          Original Paper · Travail original · Originalarbeit

          Vision sciences, Ophthalmology & Optometry, Pathology

          Astigmatism, Ametropia, Hyperopia, Refraction

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