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      Comportamento pró-ativo e normas sociais: validação de medidas e estudo correlacional Translated title: Proactive behavior and social norms: validation of measures and correlational study

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          Abstract

          O comportamento pró-ativo se refere a uma série de comportamentos dirigidos a metas em que o trabalhador busca ativamente por oportunidades de mudança e está associado com desempenho e efetividade organizacional. Verifica-se um aumento na literatura sobre o tema e na agenda de pesquisa é apontada a necessidade de serem investigados novos antecedentes, como a influência do grupo. Considerando a lacuna apresentada, o objetivo geral do presente estudo é identificar o impacto das normas sociais na emissão de comportamentos pró-ativos. Para tanto, foram desenvolvidos três estudos distintos. No primeiro, foi construída e validada uma medida de normas sociais para a pró-atividade; no segundo, foi validada uma versão reduzida da Escala de Comportamentos Pró-ativos nas Organizações (ECPO), e o terceiro investigou a influência das normas sociais no comportamento pró-ativo. Os resultados mostraram que as medidas desenvolvidas apresentam qualidade psicométrica elevada. A variável antecedente incluída no modelo se mostrou preditora de comportamento pró-ativo, sendo a norma social com maior intensidade aquela que versa sobre o trabalhador que apresenta comportamentos pró-ativos e também encoraja os colegas a fazer o mesmo. Os impactos dos resultados são discutidos no trabalho.

          Translated abstract

          Proactive behavior refers to a series of behaviors directed toward goals in which the employee actively seeks opportunities for change. It is also associated with performance and organizational effectiveness. There is an observed increase in the literature on the topic, and, in the research agenda, an indicated need to investigate new variables, such as the influence of the group. Given the lack of studies that have investigated the influence of the group in these behaviors, the overall goal of this study is to identify the impact of social norms on proactive behavior. To this end, three separate studies were developed. In the first one, a measure of pro-active social norms was constructed and validated; in the second, a short version of the scale of proactive behavior in organizations was validated; and the third one investigated the relationship between the social norm and pro-active behavior variables. The measures developed presented high psychometric properties. Social norms predicted proactive behavior, and the social norm with greater intensity was the one dealing with the worker who presents proactive behaviors, and also encourages co-workers to do the same. The impacts of the results are discussed.

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          Most cited references 68

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            Culture's Consequences: Comparing Values, Behaviors, Institutions, and Organizations across Nations

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              Descriptive Social Norms as Underappreciated Sources of Social Control

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                rpot
                Revista Psicologia Organizações e Trabalho
                Rev. Psicol., Organ. Trab.
                Sociedade Brasileira de Psicologia Organizacional e do Trabalho (Brasília )
                1984-6657
                August 2013
                : 13
                : 2
                : 155-170
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
                [2 ] Universidade de Brasília
                Article
                S1984-66572013000200005
                Product
                Product Information: website
                Categories
                PSYCHOLOGY, SOCIAL

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