In China, road traffic injury has been the 2nd leading cause of death for minors aging from 1 to 14 years old, has become an urgent public health problem in China. This paper introduces the current situation of children’s road traffic accident injuries. Based on Haddon’s model, the influencing factors of children’s road traffic safety are summarized into two aspects: individual and environmental levels. Also it puts forward targeted strategies for children road safety, including improving the relevant laws and regulations system, releasing commercial insurance into children CRS evaluation criteria, improving the safety awareness level of parents, strengthening the campus traffic safety education and optimizing the road safety protection facilities, all of which could contribute to protect child safety, thus providing reference for China to improve the road traffic safety education for children.
【摘要】 在中国, 道路交通伤害是1~14岁未成年人的第二大死因, 已成为亟待解决的公共卫生问题。本文介绍儿童道路 交通意外伤害现况, 以哈登模型为基础将儿童道路交通安全影响因素归纳为个人 (性别、年龄、意识、行为)、环境 (约束系 统、交通道路等)两大方面, 并提出针对性的儿童道路安全应对策略, 包括完善相关法律法规体系、商业保险纳人儿童限制 系统 (CRS)评估标准、全面提高家长的安全意识水平、加强校园交通安全教育、优化道路安全防护设施等, 为完善中国儿童 道路交通安全教育提供借鉴。