Background/Aims: Mitral regurgitation (MR) following myocardial infarction (MI) may be a (sub)acute complication which independently predicts reduced survival. We sought to evaluate the chronic development of MR as potential consequence of left-ventricular (LV) remodelling, the latter being a long-term process. Methods and Results: Retrospectively, 103 post-MI patients were included according to a standardised Doppler echocardiogram <3 months following MI (20 ± 25 days post-MI) and a follow-up examination >6 months after the first examination (5.1 ± 3.1 years post-MI). Patients were clinically followed up for 7.6 ± 2.7 years. Group I patients were defined as those showing new development or deterioration in one of three grades of MR, and group II those without this criterion (MR grade acute 0.17 vs. 0.27, p = 0.7, and chronic 1.53 vs. 0.19, p < 0.0001). Patient characteristics were similar in respect of age, gender, size and location of infarction. However, group I patients had coronary artery disease with more vessels involved. With regard to echocardiographic parameters of significantly enlarged LV chamber size in group I vs. group II, the significant decrease in LV performance was more pronounced and occurred concomitant with a higher degree of symptomatic congestive heart failure and greater need for heart failure medications in group I. Mortality in group I patients was 39 versus 9% in group II patients (p = 0.0002), approximating an odds ratio of 6.4697 (95% confidence interval: 2.211–18.931). Conclusion: First of all, this retrospective study indicates that MR may be detected in patients after MI during a long-term follow-up most probably due to geometric distortions of LV remodelling resulting in a significantly higher mortality. Since this process is known to become irreversible at a certain point, serial echocardiography may help to detect MR in post-MI patients and thus pave the way for appropriate treatment.