The most common subtype of renal cell carcinoma, clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), has a high heterogeneity and aggressive nature. The basement membrane (BM) is known to play a vital role in tumor metastasis. BM-related genes remain untested in ccRCC, however, in terms of their prognostic significance.
BM-related genes were gleaned from the most recent cutting-edge research. The RNA-seq and clinical data of the ccRCC were obtained from TCGA and GEO databases, respectively. The multigene signature was constructed using the univariate Cox regression and the LASSO regression algorithm. Then, clinical features and prognostic signatures were combined to form a nomogram to predict individual survival probabilities. Using functional enrichment analysis and immune-correlation analysis, we investigated potential enrichment pathways and immunological characteristics associated with BM-related-gene signature.
In this study, we built a model of 20 BM-related genes and classified them as high-risk or low-risk, with each having its anticipated risk profile. Patients in the high-risk group showed significantly reduced OS compared with patients in the low-risk group in the TCGA cohort, as was confirmed by the testing dataset. Functional analysis showed that the BM-based model was linked to cell-substrate adhesion and tumor-related signaling pathways. Comparative analysis of immune cell infiltration degrees and immune checkpoints reveals a central role for BM-related genes in controlling the interplay between the immune interaction and the tumor microenvironment of ccRCC.
We combined clinical characteristics known to predict the prognosis of ccRCC patients to create a gene signature associated with BM. Our findings may also be useful for forecasting how well immunotherapies would work against ccRCC. Targeting BM may be a therapeutic alternative for ccRCC, but the underlying mechanism still needs further exploration.