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      On the pitfalls of conceptualizing excessive physical exercise as an addictive disorder: Commentary on Dinardi et al. (2021)

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          Abstract

          This commentary challenges some of the proposals made in the opinion paper entitled “The expanded interactional model of exercise addiction” by Dinardi, Egorov, and Szabo (2021). We first question the usefulness of the (expanded) interactional model of exercise addiction to determine the psychological processes underlying distress and functional impairment in excessive physical exercise. We then consider the authors’ use of the Self-Determination Theory to model exercise addiction, which risks the misclassification of strenuous, but adaptive, patterns of physical exercise as exercise addiction. We finally address broader concerns regarding the idea that maladaptive exercising could be conceptualized as an addictive disorder.

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          Most cited references39

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          Intrinsic Motivation and Self-Determination in Human Behavior

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            The "What" and "Why" of Goal Pursuits: Human Needs and the Self-Determination of Behavior

            Psychological Inquiry, 11(4), 227-268
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              Self-Determination Theory: Basic Psychological Needs in Motivation, Development, and Wellness

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                J Behav Addict
                J Behav Addict
                JBA
                Journal of Behavioral Addictions
                Akadémiai Kiadó (Budapest )
                2062-5871
                2063-5303
                01 March 2022
                July 2022
                July 2022
                : 11
                : 2
                : 234-239
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Psychological Sciences Research Institute, UCLouvain , Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
                [2 ] Institute for Health and Behaviour, Department of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences, University of Luxembourg , Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg
                [3 ] Mind, Brain, and Behavior Research Center (CIMCYC), Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Granada , Granada, Spain
                [4 ] Institute of Psychology, University of Lausanne , Lausanne, Switzerland
                [5 ] Centre for Excessive Gambling, Addiction Medicine, Lausanne University Hospitals (CHUV) , Lausanne, Switzerland
                Author notes
                [* ]Corresponding author. E-mail: damien.brevers@ 123456uclouvain.be
                Author information
                https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4503-0898
                https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0197-0810
                https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1971-6175
                https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5163-8811
                https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7388-6194
                Article
                10.1556/2006.2022.00001
                9295221
                35234660
                6e2f0d7a-37e9-48da-a788-41ced768c1ae
                © 2022 The Author(s)

                Open Access. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited, a link to the CC License is provided, and changes – if any – are indicated.

                History
                : 29 November 2021
                : 27 January 2022
                : 30 January 2022
                Page count
                Equations: 0, References: 39, Pages: 06
                Categories
                Article

                physical exercise,self-determination theory,addiction-based approach,process-based approach,debate

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