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      Free Radicals and Aging of Anterior Segment Tissues of the Eye: A Hypothesis

      Ophthalmic Research

      S. Karger AG

      Aging, Lens, Cornea, Trabecular meshwork, Hydrogen peroxide, Catalase, Glutathione

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          Abstract

          A hypothesis is proposed that aging processes in the eye occur as a consequence of degradation of enzymes that normally metabolize and detoxify hydrogen peroxide and other free radicals. The loss of enzyme activity allows hydrogen peroxide, which normally occurs within eye fluids, and free radicals to induce irreversible deleterious effects on different eye tissues. These processes may lead to cataract formation in the lens, loss of corneal endothelial cells, modification of the glycosaminoglycan secretory patterns of the cells of the trabecular meshwork, and other changes associated with ocular aging. These processes may be exacerbated during inflammation when oxidation products increase. Considerable circumstantial evidence points towards hydrogen peroxide as one of the major chemicals involved in the induction of these changes. Much remains to be determined to definitively identify this chemical or free radicals as the primary inducers of tissue alterations that occur in aging eyes.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          ORE
          Ophthalmic Res
          10.1159/issn.0030-3747
          Ophthalmic Research
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-6245-4
          978-3-318-01917-9
          0030-3747
          1423-0259
          1995
          1995
          11 December 2009
          : 27
          : Suppl 1
          : 143-149
          Affiliations
          Department of Ophthalmology, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Ga., USA
          Article
          267860 Ophthalmic Res 1995;27:143–149
          10.1159/000267860
          8577453
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          General Contributions

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