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      Cross-language evidence for three factors in speech perception

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      Perception & Psychophysics

      Springer Nature

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          Most cited references 17

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          Chronometric analysis of classification.

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            Developmental aspects of cross-language speech perception.

            Previous research has suggested that infants discriminate many speech sounds according to phonemic category regardless of language exposure, while adults of one language group may have difficulty discriminating nonnative linguistic contrasts. Our study attempted to address directly questions about infant perceptual ability and the possibility of its decline as a function of development in the absence of specific experience by comparing English-speaking adults, Hindi-speaking adults, and 7-month-old infants on their ability to discriminate 2 pairs of natural Hindi (non-English) speech contrasts. To do this, infants were tested in a "visually reinforced infant speech discrimination" paradigm, while a variant of this paradigm was used to test adults. Support was obtained for the above hypotheses. Infants were shown to be able to discriminate both Hindi sound pairs, and support for the idea of a decrease in speech perceptual abilities wih age and experience was clearly evident with the rarer of the 2 non-English contrasts. The results were then discussed with respect to the possible nature and purpose of these abilities.
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              Speech perception by the chinchilla: voiced-voiceless distinction in alveolar plosive consonants.

              Four chinchillas were trained to respond differently to /t/ and /d/ consonant-vowel syllables produced by four talkers in three vowel contexts. This training generalized to novel instances, including synthetically produced /da/ and /ta/ (voice-on-set times of 0 and +80 milliseconds, respectively). In a second experiment, synthetic stimuli with voice-onset times between 0 and +80 milliseconds were presented for identification. The form of the labeling functions and the "phonetic boundaries" for chinchillas and English-speaking adults were similar.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Perception & Psychophysics
                Perception & Psychophysics
                Springer Nature
                0031-5117
                1532-5962
                January 1985
                January 1985
                : 37
                : 1
                : 35-44
                Article
                10.3758/BF03207136
                © 1985
                Product

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