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      Inter-annual variability of planktonic copepods in a tropical bay in southeastern Brazil

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          Abstract

          The aim of this work was to study the structure of the copepod community in relation to hydrographic conditions in Espírito Santo Bay, from 1993 to 1997. Zooplankton samples were obtained in the horizontal tows four times a year, using a 200 µm net. Temperature, salinity and dissolved oxygen were determined in the water samples. The overall mean density of the copepods was 9,085 ind.m-3 with the peaks exceeding 15,000 ind.m-3 in the summer and autumn during the first three years (1993 - 1995). The PCA analysis was used to relate the environmental conditions with the distribution of the copepods. The increases in the abundant species, namely Acartia lilljeborgi, Oithona hebes, Oithona oculata, Paracalanus quasimodo, Parvocalanus crassirostris and Euterpina acutifrons, were related to the decreases in the diversity. The spatial and temporal variations of the temperature and salinity influenced the abundance of the species during the five years of the sampling and the dominant species alternated in abundance.

          Translated abstract

          Este trabalho descreve a estrutura da comunidade de copépodes em relação às condições hidrográficas da baía do Espírito Santo, no período de 1993 a 1997. As amostras do zooplâncton foram obtidas através de arrastos horizontais, quatro vezes ao ano, com uma rede de 200µm. A temperatura, a salinidade e o oxigênio dissolvido foram determinados nas amostras de água. A densidade média dos copépodes foi de 9.085 ind.m-3, com picos superiores a 15.000 ind.m-3, durante o verão e o outono de 1993 a 1995. Utilizou-se a PCA para relacionar as variáveis ambientais à distribuição dos copépodes. A comunidade dos copépodes, principalmente as altas densidades das espécies Acartia lilljeborgi, Oithona hebes, Oithona oculata, Paracalanus quasimodo, Parvocalanus crassirostris e Euterpina acutifrons foram relacionados à diminuição da diversidade. As variações espaço-temporais da temperatura e da salinidade influenciaram a abundância das espécies durante os cinco anos de coleta, com a alternância das espécies dominantes.

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          Most cited references 28

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          Numerical Ecology

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            A mathematical theory of communities.

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              Standard methods for he examination of water and wastewater

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                Author and article information

                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro Brazil
                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                babt
                Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology
                Braz. arch. biol. technol.
                Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar (Curitiba )
                1678-4324
                August 2008
                : 51
                : 4
                : 531-542
                S1516-89132008000400011 10.1590/S1516-89132008000400011

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                Product
                Product Information: SciELO Brazil
                Categories
                BIOLOGY

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