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      In vitro Secretion of ACTH, β-Endorphin and β-Lipotropin in Cushing’s Disease and Nelson’s Syndrome

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      Hormone Research in Paediatrics

      S. Karger AG

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          Abstract

          Tissue from histologically confirmed ACTH cell adenomas in Cushing’s disease (CD) and Nelson’s syndrome (NS) was gained by transsphenoidal surgery. Combined enzymatic and mechanic agitation of tumor tissue yielded a cell suspension. Aliquots of the cell suspension were transferred to superfusion chambers immediately after isolation and investigated for ACTH and (3-endorphin production. Feedback action of cortisol (CO) and dexamethasone on basal hormone production and on lysine vasopressin (LVP) induced ACTH secretion were studied. Adenomatous tissue and anterior lobe tissue from the same patient in CD could be investigated simultaneously in 4 cases. The paraadenomatous tissue showed depression of basal and LVP-induced ACTH secretion. In all adenomatous tissues investigated there was missing or reduced suppression of basal ACTH secretion by physiological levels of CO. CO not only failed to suppress LVP-induced ACTH secretion but also seemed to enhance LVP stimulation in some experiments. This study confirms former results, that a missing or inversed feedback action of glucocorticoids in adenoma cells is a mechanism involved in the pathological ACTH secretion in CD and NS. Bioassayable and immunoreactive ACTH from media of superfusion and short-term static incubation were compared with β-endorphin and β-LPH in an assay detecting these two peptides with equimolar sensitivity. Secretory patterns were basically parallel but great differences showed in quantities of hormones secreted. In addition, Sephadex G-50 gel chromatography was performed to separate β-endorphin from β-LPH and to calculate the ratios. These profiles show great variations between different adenomas.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-3410-9
          978-3-318-02126-4
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1980
          1980
          25 November 2008
          : 13
          : 4-5
          : 259-279
          Affiliations
          Neurochirurgische Abteilung, Universitätskrankenhaus Hamburg-Eppendorf, and Neuropharmakologische Abteilung, Max-Planck-Institut für Psychiatrie, München, FRG
          Article
          179294 Horm Res 1980;13:259–279
          10.1159/000179294
          6268513
          © 1980 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 21
          Categories
          Lipo-Corticotropic Hormones and Cushing’s Disease

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