Two Costa Rican genera, Megalochus gen. nov. and Stethantyx Townes, are revised. These
genera comprise a distinctive generic group that we refer to as the Stethantyx genus-group,
veins Rs+2r and Rs angled more than 90 degrees, vein 2rs-m and abscissa of M between
2rs-m and 2m-cu not or very weakly thickened, hind wing with vein cul&cu-a (nervellus)
more or less vertical, and prepectal carina with upper end not reaching anterior margin
of mesopleuron, continuing above and backwards to the subtegular ridge. Both genera
include medium sized to large species with body length 4.0 to 15.0 mm. Megalochus
comprises only the type species, M. grandis sp. nov., occurring in Costa Rica, Ecuador
and southern Brazil. It is the largest representative of the subfamily, with a body
length of 10.5 to 15.0 mm. Megalochus differs from Stethantyx, besides the larger
body size, by the slenderer first metasomal segment, which is round in cross-section
and lacking glymmae, propodeum and metapleuron with coarse rugae, and shortened antennae
with strongly transverse flagellomeres. Stethantyx is the dominant, most species-rich
genus in the Costa Rican tersilochine fauna and probably in the Neotropical region.
Twenty two species of this genus were discovered in Costa Rica, all are new: S. alajuela
sp. nov., S. altamira sp. nov., S. aprica sp. nov., S. cacaoensis sp. nov., S. cartagoa
sp. nov., S. cecilia sp. nov., S. curvator sp. nov., S. guanacasteca sp. nov., S.
heredia sp. nov., S. limona sp. nov., S. mesoscutator sp. nov., S. niger sp. nov.,
S. nigrofemorata sp. nov., S. notaulator sp. nov., S. orosia sp. nov., S. osa sp.
nov., S. propodeator sp. nov., S. pseudoorosia sp. nov., S. pseudoosa sp. nov., S.
puntarenasa sp. nov., S. sanjosea sp. nov. and S. tenoriosa sp. nov. A key for distinguishing
the genera Megalochus and Stethantyx, and a key to 22 Costa Rican species of Stethantyx