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      Exercise intervention and cognitive-behavioral therapy towards mobile phone dependence in college students

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          Abstract

          Objective To explore effectiveness of exercise intervention and group cognitive therapy on mobile phone dependence in college students.

          Methods A total of 762 college students from a university in Wuhan were selected through random cluster sampling method in Oct. 2019. Among them, 126 students with higher risk for mobile phone dependence were selected as experimental group which were assigned to four groups: open exercise group (basketball, 31), close exercise group (baduanjin, 31), group cognitive group (30) and control group (34). The exercise group attended 60 min intervention twice a week for 10 weeks. The effectiveness was evaluated through the changes in the Mobile Phone Addiction Index (MPAI).

          Results The 10-week exercise and group-based cognitive therapy intervention can improve mobile phone dependence behavior among college students ( F group= 4.54, F time = 3.67, P<0.05). Among them, the open exercise group and the group cognitive therapy group showed slightly better effects ( t = 0.06, P>0.05). In the follow-up visit two months after intervention, no significant difference between the closed exercise group and the post-test results ( t = 1.23, P>0.05). In the dimensions of out of control and withdrawal, the open exercise was more effective than the closed exercise intervention ( t = 2.58, 2.67, P<0.05).

          Conclusion Open exercise group has similar effect on improvement in mobile phone dependence with group cognitive therapy among college students, while closed exercise intervention shows better long-term effect.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 揭示开放式运动、封闭式运动及团体认知对手机依赖大学生的影响效果及可能机制, 为阐明体育锻炼、团 体认知与大学生手机依赖的关系提供新的证据。 方法 于2019年10月, 随机整群抽取武汉理工大学学生共762名, 筛査 选取手机依赖倾向大学生126名作为实验对象, 随机分为4组:开放式运动组 (篮球组, 31人)、封闭式运动组 (八段锦, 31 人)、团体认知组 (30人)、对照组 (34人), 干预持续10周, 每周2次、每次60 min。通过对手机依赖指数量表 (MPAI)及其 维度的变化评价改善效果。 结果 10周的运动锻炼、团体认知干预均能改善大学生手机依赖行为, 三者与对照组比较差 异均有统计学意义 ( F 翻别=4.54, F 时间=3.67, P值均<0.05), 其中开放式运动组与团体认知组后测效果较好, 二者间差异无 统计学意义 ( t = 0.06, P>0.05)。在2个月的回访中发现, 封闭式运动组与后测结果差异无统计学意义 ( t =1.23, P>0.05); 在失控性和戒断性维度中, 开放式运动比封闭式运动干预效果显著 ( t 值分别为2.58,2.67, P 值均<0.05)。 结论 开放式 运动、团体认知改善大学生手机依赖效果相似, 封闭式运动的持续效果更好。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 June 2022
          01 June 2022
          : 43
          : 6
          : 825-829
          Affiliations
          [1] 1School of Physical Education, Shanghai Institute of Physical Education, Shanghai (200438), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: WANG Lin, E-mail: wanglin123@ 123456126.com
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.06.007
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.06.007
          6f747bea-ac23-4d73-a833-83b2109ce61a
          © 2022 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Cognition,Cellular phone,Behavior, addictive,Motor activity,students,Group processes,Intervention studies

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