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      Inhibition of Nitric Oxide-Induced Vasodilation by Gap Junction Inhibitors: A Potential Role for a cGMP-Independent Nitric Oxide Pathway

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          Studies have provided evidence for the role of gap junctional intercellular communication in syncytial tissue function. This study tested the hypothesis that the vasodilating effects of nitric oxide (NO) rely on gap junctions. The effects of the gap junction inhibitors octanol (10<sup>-4</sup> mol/l) and heptanol (10<sup>-3</sup> mol/l) were examined on acetylcholine-, the NO-donor S-nitroso-N-acetyl-penicillamine (SNAP)-, and guanosine-3’, 5’-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP)-induced relaxation. In addition, we tested varying concentrations of the gap junction inhibitor sucrose on SNAP-induced relaxation in the presence and absence of methylene blue, an inhibitor of guanylate cyclase. Helical strips of rat thoracic aorta were placed in muscle baths for isometric force measurements. Tissues treated with SNAP and cGMP were denuded of endothelium. Tissues incubated in octanol and heptanol exhibited 4- to 7-fold rightward shifts in acetylcholine-induced and 6- to 15-fold rightward shifts in SNAP-induced relaxation. Both octanol and heptanol produced 2-fold rightward shifts in cGMP-induced relaxation, comparably less in magnitude than shifts produced in acetylcholine- and SNAP-induced relaxation. Sucrose (10<sup>-2</sup> to 10<sup>-1</sup> mol/l) produced a concentration-dependent rightward shift of up to 30-fold in relaxation to SNAP. Incubation with methylene blue (10<sup>-6</sup> mol/l) altered this rightward shift only slightly, indicating a possible cGMP-indepen-dent mechanism for NO. These findings support the hypothesis that NO-induced vasodilation, through both cGMP-dependent and -independent pathways, relies on gap junctional communication.

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          Author and article information

          J Vasc Res
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          24 September 2008
          : 33
          : 5
          : 395-404
          aDepartment of Physiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, and bDepartment of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Mich., USA
          159168 J Vasc Res 1996;33:395–404
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

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          Pages: 10
          Research Paper


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