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      Evidence of Hepatitis C Virus Passage Across Dialysis Membrane

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          Abstract

          The passage of hepatitis C virus (HCV) across the dialysis membrane is a controversial issue. We performed a study applying extreme conditions of permeability to the dialysis membrane and avoiding the use of heparin and dialysis bath that might interfere with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) results. We obtained samples from the ultrafiltrate at the beginning of 18 hemodialysis sessions carried out in 6 HCV RNA-positive patients. HCV RNA was detected by PCR in 3 (16.7%) ultrafiltrate samples belonging to 1 of the patients. HCV genotype was the same as that found in positive ultrafiltrate samples and in the serum corresponding to this patient. The viral load of this patient was under the levels detectable by the assay employed. Therefore, contamination of the ultrafiltrate may constitute a potential risk for HCV transmission in hemodialysis units.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1998
          October 1998
          23 September 1998
          : 80
          : 2
          : 194-196
          Affiliations
          Terapia Sustitutiva Renal, Monte Grande, Buenos Aires, and Bio Sidus, Buenos Aires, Argentina
          Article
          45166 Nephron 1998;80:194–196
          10.1159/000045166
          9736819
          © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Tables: 1, References: 17, Pages: 3
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/45166
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          HCV RNA, Hemodialysis methods, Hepatitis C virus

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