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      TVT versus TOT in the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence: a systematic review and meta-analysis

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          To evaluate the evidence available on the effects and safety of tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) versus transobturator tape (TOT) for female stress urinary incontinence therapy based on randomized controlled trials (RCTs).


          PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, Wanfang, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Weipu database were searched up to July 2017 to identify relevant studies, including qualified RCT and quite-RCT and literature sources. Relative risks (RRs), mean difference (MD), and 95% CI were calculated in our review.


          Twenty-eight RCTs were involved in the meta-analysis with 2,505 patients in the TVT group and 2,477 patients in the TOT group. The aggregated results indicated that TOT significantly decreased the operative time (MD, −1.27; 95% CI: −1.77 to −0.76) and hospital stay (MD, −0.62; 95% CI: −1.08 to −0.17) when compared with TVT. Besides, the complications (RR, 0.86; 95% CI: 0.64–1.16) and blood loss (MD, −0.29; 95% CI: −0.71 to 0.14) were decreased in TOT but with no statistical significance; the change of VAS score (MD, 0.07; 95% CI: −0.05 to 0.19), IIQ-7 score (MD, 0.06; 95% CI: −0.03 to 0.15), and UDI-6 score (MD, 0.15; 95% CI: −0.19 to 0.48) were larger in TOT group than in TVT group, but still, with no statistical significance. However, there was no significant difference of cure rate (RR, 1.00; 95% CI: 0.96–1.04) and satisfied rate (RR, 1.00; 95% CI: 0.96–1.04) between the 2 groups.


          TOT may have more valid effects than TVT in operative time and hospital stay. Besides, TOT method showed fewer complications and blood loss than TVT, but there was no significant difference between them. The scores of VAS, incontinence impact questionnaire short form-7 (IIQ-7), and urogenital distress inventory short form-6 (UDI-6) were higher in TOT than TVT, but still no significant difference was observed. However, more studies with higher quality and larger sample size that are multicentric and have longer follow-up in the form of RCTs are warranted to confirm the current findings.

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          Most cited references 35

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          Novel surgical technique for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence: transobturator vaginal tape inside-out.

          To describe a new, simple surgical technique for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and to evaluate its feasibility. We have developed a novel surgical treatment of SUI, the transobturator inside-out tension-free urethral suspension, which uses specifically designed surgical tools, and in which a synthetic tape is passed from underneath the urethra, through the obturator foramens, towards the thigh folds, without entering the pelvic region at any time during the procedure. The tape is positioned without tension under the junction between mid and distal urethra. The procedure was carried out in 107 consecutive patients (mean age: 62 years) using the same operative protocol in all case subjects, independently of the patient's size and weight. Mean operative time was 14 min (range: 7-20) in case of isolated SUI treatment. No bladder or urethral injuries and no vascular (hematoma or bleeding) or neurological complications were encountered. The results of this study indicate that our novel transobturator inside-out surgical technique for treating SUI is feasible, accurate, and quick. This technique avoids damage to the urethra and bladder and, therefore, makes cystoscopy not necessary. Further prospective studies are currently ongoing to determine the efficacy of our new surgical approach for treating SUI.
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            A prospective randomized trial comparing tension-free vaginal tape and transobturator suburethral tape for surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence.

            The purpose of this study was to prospectively and randomly compare tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) with transobturator suburethral tape (T.O.T.) for the surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in women. Sixty-one women with SUI were randomly assigned to either TVT (n=31) or T.O.T. (n=30). The preoperative evaluation included a quality-of-life questionnaire and a comprehensive urodynamic examination. The 1-year outcome included a detrusor pressure-uroflow study to compare bladder outlet obstruction. Patient characteristics, preoperative quality of life, and urodynamic evaluation were similar in the 2 groups. Mean operative time was significantly shorter in the T.O.T. group (15 min+/-4 vs 27 min+/-8, P .05). The rate of postoperative urinary retention was 25.8% (n=8) in the TVT group versus 13.3% (n=4) in the T.O.T. group (P>.05). The rates of cure (83.9% vs 90%), improvement (9.7% vs 3.3%), and failure (6.5% vs 6.7%) were similar for the TVT and T.O.T. groups, respectively. The 1-year outcome data were collected in 29 women of the TVT group and 27 women of the T.O.T. group. No vaginal erosion occurred in either of the groups. In terms of bladder outlet obstruction, no differences were found after TVT and T.O.T. T.O.T. appears to be equally efficient as TVT for surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence in women, with no reduction of bladder outlet obstruction at 1-year follow-up.
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              Transobturator tape compared with tension-free vaginal tape for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence: a randomized controlled trial.

              To compare the safety and efficacy of the transobturator tape to tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) in the treatment of stress urinary incontinence in patients with and without concurrent pelvic organ prolapse. One-hundred seventy women with urodynamic stress incontinence, including those with and those without pelvic organ prolapse, from three academic medical centers were randomized to receive TVT or transobturator tape. Subjects with detrusor overactivity or previous sling surgery were excluded. The primary outcome was the presence or absence of abnormal bladder function, a composite outcome defined as the presence of any the following: incontinence symptoms of any type, a positive cough stress test, or retreatment for stress incontinence or postoperative urinary retention assessed 1 year after surgery. This study is a noninferiority study design. Of 180 women who enrolled in the study, 170 underwent surgery and 168 returned for follow-up, with a mean follow-up of 18.2+/-6 months. Mean operating time, length of stay, and postoperative pain scores were similar between the two groups. Bladder perforations occurred more frequently in the TVT group (7% compared with 0%, P=.02); otherwise, the incidence of perioperative complications was similar. Abnormal bladder function occurred in 46.6% of TVT patients and 42.7% of transobturator tape patients, with a mean absolute difference of 3.9% favoring transobturator tape (95% confidence interval -11.0% to 18.6%.). The P value for the one-sided noninferiority test was .006, indicating that transobturator tape was not inferior to TVT. The transobturator tape is not inferior to TVT for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence and results in fewer bladder perforations. ClinicalTrials.gov, www.clinicaltrials.gov, NCT00475839.

                Author and article information

                Ther Clin Risk Manag
                Ther Clin Risk Manag
                Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
                Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
                Dove Medical Press
                20 November 2018
                : 14
                : 2293-2303
                Department of Urology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China, jzg1129@ 123456medmail.com.cn
                Author notes
                Correspondence: Zhi-Gang Ji, Department of Urology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College, 1 Shuaifuyuan Wangfujing, Dongcheng, Beijing 100730, China, Tel +86 10 6915 2511, Email jzg1129@ 123456medmail.com.cn
                © 2018 Huang et al. This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited

                The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/). By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed.

                Original Research


                meta-analysis, randomized controlled trial, sui, tvt, tot


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