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      Optimizing the Impact of Public-Academic Partnerships in Fostering Policymakers’ Use of Research Evidence: Proposal to Test a Conceptual Framework

      research-article
      , PhD 1 , 2 ,
      (Reviewer), (Reviewer)
      JMIR Research Protocols
      JMIR Publications
      public-academic partnership, use of research evidence, youth, mental health, well-being

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          Abstract

          Background

          Previous research has reported that public-academic partnerships (PAPs) can effectively promote PAP leaders’ use of research evidence in improving youth outcomes. However, the existing literature has not yet clarified whether and how PAP leaders’ use of research evidence evolves along the PAP life cycle and whether PAP partners’ concordant perceptions of usefulness of their PAP has an impact on PAP leaders’ use of research evidence. Developing a conceptual framework that recognizes the PAP life cycle and empirically identifying contexts and mechanisms of PAPs that promote PAP leaders’ use of research evidence from the PAP life cycle perspective are imperative to guide researchers and policymakers to successfully lead PAPs and foster policymakers’ use of research evidence for improving youth outcomes.

          Objective

          Utilizing an integrated framework of organizational life cycle perspective, a social partnership perspective, and a realist evaluation, this study examines the extent to which PAP development and PAP leaders’ use of research evidence can be characterized into life cycle stages and identifies PAP contexts and mechanisms that explain the progress of PAPs and PAP leaders’ use of research evidence through life cycle stages.

          Methods

          Recruiting PAPs across the United States that aim to improve mental health and promote well-being of youth aged 12-25 years, the study conducts a document analysis and an online survey of PAPs to inform policymakers and academic researchers on the contexts and mechanisms to increase PAP sustainability and promote policymakers’ use of research evidence in improving youth outcomes.

          Results

          Fifty-three PAPs that meet the recruitment criteria have been identified, and document review of PAPs and participant recruitment for the online survey of PAP experience have been conducted.

          Conclusions

          This paper will help policymakers and researchers gain a deeper knowledge of the contexts and mechanisms for each PAP life cycle stage in order to optimize PAP leaders’ use of research evidence in achieving positive youth outcomes.

          International Registered Report Identifier (IRRID)

          DERR1-10.2196/14382

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          Most cited references25

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          Major depressive disorder in older adolescentsPrevalence, risk factors, and clinical implications

          In this article we summarize our current understanding of depression in older (14-18 years old) adolescents based on our program of research (the Oregon Adolescent Depression Project). Specifically, we address the following factors regarding adolescent depression: (a) phenomenology (e.g., occurrence of specific symptoms, gender and age effects, community versus clinic samples); (b) epidemiology (e.g., prevalence, incidence, duration, onset age); (c) comorbidity with other mental and physical disorders; (d) psychosocial characteristics associated with being, becoming, and having been depressed; (e) recommended methods of assessment and screening; and (f) the efficacy of a treatment intervention developed for adolescent depression, the Adolescent Coping With Depression course. We conclude by providing a set of summary statements and recommendations for clinicians.
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            Organizational Life Cycles and Shifting Criteria of Effectiveness: Some Preliminary Evidence

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              Cross-Sector Partnerships to Address Social Issues: Challenges to Theory and Practice

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                JMIR Res Protoc
                JMIR Res Protoc
                ResProt
                JMIR Research Protocols
                JMIR Publications (Toronto, Canada )
                1929-0748
                May 2019
                24 May 2019
                : 8
                : 5
                : e14382
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Center for Mental Health Perelman School of Medicine University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, PA United States
                [2 ] Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, PA United States
                Author notes
                Corresponding Author: Christina D Kang-Yi ckangyi@ 123456upenn.edu
                Author information
                https://orcid.org/http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0003-5612
                Article
                v8i5e14382
                10.2196/14382
                6555116
                31127725
                70182302-1635-4644-95dd-7d981a94b94e
                ©Christina D Kang-Yi. Originally published in JMIR Research Protocols (http://www.researchprotocols.org), 24.05.2019.

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work, first published in JMIR Research Protocols, is properly cited. The complete bibliographic information, a link to the original publication on http://www.researchprotocols.org.as well as this copyright and license information must be included.

                History
                : 13 April 2019
                : 8 May 2019
                : 8 May 2019
                : 10 May 2019
                Categories
                Proposal
                Proposal

                public-academic partnership,use of research evidence,youth,mental health,well-being

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