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      The archaeology of climate change: The case for cultural diversity

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          Abstract

          Anthropogenic climate change is currently driving environmental transformation on a scale and at a pace that exceeds historical records. This represents an undeniably serious challenge to existing social, political, and economic systems. Humans have successfully faced similar challenges in the past, however. The archaeological record and Earth archives offer rare opportunities to observe the complex interaction between environmental and human systems under different climate regimes and at different spatial and temporal scales. The archaeology of climate change offers opportunities to identify the factors that promoted human resilience in the past and apply the knowledge gained to the present, contributing a much-needed, long-term perspective to climate research. One of the strengths of the archaeological record is the cultural diversity it encompasses, which offers alternatives to the solutions proposed from within the Western agro-industrial complex, which might not be viable cross-culturally. While contemporary climate discourse focuses on the importance of biodiversity, we highlight the importance of cultural diversity as a source of resilience.

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
                Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
                pnas
                PNAS
                Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
                National Academy of Sciences
                0027-8424
                1091-6490
                27 July 2021
                22 July 2021
                22 July 2021
                : 118
                : 30
                : e2108537118
                Affiliations
                [1] aUniversité de Montréal , Montreal, QC H3T 1J4, Canada;
                [2] bBishop’s University , Sherbrooke, QC J1M 1Z7, Canada;
                [3] cUniversity of Colorado , Colorado Springs, CO 80918;
                [4] dUniversité de Québec à Montréal , Montreal, QC H2L 2C4, Canada;
                [5] eUMR 8591 CNRS Université Paris 1, Université Paris-Est Créteil Val de Marne , 94010 Créteil, France;
                [6] fLaboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement/Institut Pierre Simon Laplace , 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
                Author notes
                1To whom correspondence may be addressed. Email: a.burke@ 123456umontreal.ca .

                Edited by Dolores R. Piperno, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, and approved June 15, 2021 (received for review May 18, 2021)

                Author contributions: A.B. designed research; and A.B., M.C.P., C.D.W., F.S.R.P., J.R.-S., O.M., A.d.V., M.K., and S.B. wrote the paper.

                Author information
                https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7033-7798
                https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5507-9268
                https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4940-3997
                https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8418-0958
                https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7522-9975
                https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5656-724X
                https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5835-2488
                Article
                202108537
                10.1073/pnas.2108537118
                8325276
                34301875
                702d2184-59c8-4724-b8b2-3cf698ebdefd
                Copyright © 2021 the Author(s). Published by PNAS.

                This open access article is distributed under Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (CC BY).

                History
                Page count
                Pages: 10
                Funding
                Funded by: Fonds de Recherche du Québec-Société et Culture (FRQSC) 100008240
                Award ID: 2019-SE3-254686
                Award Recipient : Ariane Burke Award Recipient : Matthew Peros Award Recipient : Colin D Wren Award Recipient : Francesco S. R. Pausata Award Recipient : Julien Riel-Salvatore Award Recipient : Olivier Moine Award Recipient : Anne De Vernal Award Recipient : Masa Kageyama Award Recipient : Solène Boisard
                Categories
                9
                447
                417
                Perspective
                Social Sciences
                Sustainability Science
                Physical Sciences
                Environmental Sciences

                archaeology,climate change,cultural diversity,resilience,climate science

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