Background: Triacsin C, a fatty acid analog, inhibits endothelial nitric oxide synthetase (eNOS) palmitoylation, increases nitric oxide synthesis and enhances methacholine-induced relaxation of vascular rings. The experiments presented here tested the hypothesis that triacsin C increases the synthesis of PGI<sub>2</sub> and/or endothelial-derived hyperpolarizing factor. Methods: Long-chain fatty acyl CoA synthetase activity (LCFACoAS), agonist-induced prostacyclin synthesis and agonist-induced release of radioactivity in endothelial cells labeled with [<sup>3</sup>H]arachidonic acid were measured in the presence and absence of triacsin C. Results: Inhibition by triacsin C of palmitoyl CoA formation was significantly greater than inhibition of arachidonoyl CoA formation in solubilized endothelial cell preparations. While 24-hour triacsin C treatment significantly reduced basal 6-keto synthesis, it had no effect on agonist-stimulated synthesis. The release of arachidonic acid metabolites was examined in [<sup>3</sup>H]arachidonate-labeled cells. Triacsin C treatment had no effect on basal or vasopressin-, angiotensin-II-, bradykinin- or ionomycin-induced release of radioactivity, but significantly reduced release in response to isoproterenol or phenylephrine. Expression of neither immunoreactive eNOS nor immunoreactive inducible nitric oxide synthetase (iNOS) was changed by triacsin C treatment, but the fraction of immunoreactive eNOS in the cytoplasm of treated cells was significantly greater as compared to vehicle control cells. Phorbol myristoyl acetate or fenofibrate significantly increased in vitro LCFACoAS activity, and significantly decreased the nitrite/eNOS ratio. Conclusions: These data indicate that, while triacsin C can inhibit arachidonoyl CoA synthetase in endothelial cells, it does not increase the availability of endogenous substrate for basal or agonist-induced PGI<sub>2</sub> synthesis, nor does it enhance release of arachidonic acid or its metabolites.