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      Ḥukm bi-mā anzala'llāh: The Forgotten Prehistory of an Islamist Slogan

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          Abstract

          The phrases ḥukm bi-mā anzala'llāh (‘ruling/judging by that which God has revealed’) and ḥukm bi-ghayri mā anzala'llāh (‘ruling/judging by other than that which God has revealed’) as well as the identities of the kāfirūn, ẓālimūn, and fāsiqūn guilty of the latter have preoccupied Muslim exegetes of Sūrat al-Māʾida, verses 42–8. Among Muʿtazilīs, the verses pointed to the instrumentality of revelation, including that of the Muslims, an idea that some Twelver Shīʿī exegetes preserved. Among Sunnīs, the verses referred specifically to the ideal interaction between Muslim and non-Muslim legal systems. This article will explore how Rashīd Riḍā laid the groundwork for the Islamist appropriation of these verses by taking Twelver Shīʿī exegesis of the verses out of its original context. The religious debate following the assassination of Anwar Sadat dramatised the clash between the traditional Sunnī understanding of the verses and the novel interpretation offered by Riḍā and later Islamist exegetes such as Shaʿrāwī and Quṭb.

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            Foucault and the Iranian Revolution

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              Awakening Islam: The Politics of Religious Dissent in Contemporary Saudi Arabia

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                JQS
                Journal of Qur'anic Studies
                Edinburgh University Press ( 22 George Square, Edinburgh EH8 9LF UK )
                1465-3591
                1755-1730
                February 2016
                : 18
                : 1
                : 117-143
                Affiliations
                Louisiana State University
                Article
                10.3366/jqs.2016.0224
                704e43b4-a73b-4509-b912-bb5ab3d698de
                © Centre of Islamic Studies, SOAS
                History
                Page count
                References: 61, Pages: 27
                Categories
                Articles in English
                Islamic Studies

                Political science,Literature of other nations & languages,Art history & Criticism,Religious studies & Theology,Arab world & Islam,History
                law,Islamic modernism,Dhimmis,legal pluralism,Mu'tazila,Muhammad Rashid Rida,Islamist exegesis of the Qur'an,Surah 5

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