Blog
About

0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Pericyte Regulation of Renal Medullary Blood Flow

      a , b

      Cardiorenal Medicine

      S. Karger AG

      Vasa recta, Microcirculation, Oxygen, Nitric oxide, Kidney

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Pericytes are contractile smooth muscle-like cells that surround descending vasa recta (DVR) and provide their capability for vasomotion. The importance of the medullary pericyte derives from the role of DVR to distribute most or all of the blood flow from juxtamedullary cortex to the renal inner and outer medulla. Physiological processes that are likely to be influenced by pericyte constriction of DVR include the urinary concentrating mechanism and pressure natriuresis. Oxygen tensions in the medulla are low, so that subtle variation of pericyte vasomotion might play a role to abrogate hypoxia and prevent insult to the medullary thick ascending limb of Henle. Known vasoconstrictors of DVR include angiotensin II, endothelins, norepinephrine, acetylcholine, and adenosine. Vasodilators include prostaglandin E<sub>2</sub>, adenosine, acetylcholine, bradykinin, and nitric oxide.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 1

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Antioxidants for hypertension.

          Increasing evidence implicates reactive oxygen species in the pathogenesis of hypertension and its cardiovascular complications. By altering the balance in the endothelium between vasoconstrictors such as thromboxane and isoprostanes and vasodilators such as nitric oxide, reactive oxygen species contribute to endothelium-dependent contractions and increased vascular resistance. Antioxidants can restore endothelial function and decrease blood pressure in several models of hypertension and in some, but not all, studies of humans with essential hypertension. The potential of antioxidant therapy for hypertension is considerable.
            Bookmark

            Author and article information

            Journal
            EXN
            Nephron Exp Nephrol
            10.1159/issn.1660-2129
            Cardiorenal Medicine
            S. Karger AG
            1660-2129
            2001
            June 2001
            23 April 2001
            : 9
            : 3
            : 165-170
            Affiliations
            aDivision of Nephrology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Md., and bDepartment of Biology, Towson University, Towson, Md., USA
            Article
            52608 Exp Nephrol 2001;9:165–170
            10.1159/000052608
            11340300
            © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 2, Tables: 1, References: 15, Pages: 6
            Product
            Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/52608
            Categories
            Minireview

            Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

            Kidney, Nitric oxide, Oxygen, Microcirculation, Vasa recta

            Comments

            Comment on this article