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      Epidermal growth factor receptor and Ink4a/Arf: convergent mechanisms governing terminal differentiation and transformation along the neural stem cell to astrocyte axis.

      Cancer Cell

      Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Astrocytes, cytology, physiology, Blotting, Western, Cell Differentiation, Cells, Cultured, Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16, metabolism, Green Fluorescent Proteins, Homozygote, Humans, Immunoenzyme Techniques, Infusion Pumps, Implantable, Luminescent Proteins, Animals, Mice, Mice, SCID, Neoplasms, Experimental, pathology, Neurons, Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor, Retroviridae, genetics, Stem Cells, Transformation, Genetic, Tumor Suppressor Protein p14ARF, Tumor Suppressor Protein p53

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          Abstract

          Ink4a/Arf inactivation and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activation are signature lesions in high-grade gliomas. How these mutations mediate the biological features of these tumors is poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that combined loss of p16(INK4a) and p19(ARF), but not of p53, p16(INK4a), or p19(ARF), enables astrocyte dedifferentiation in response to EGFR activation. Moreover, transduction of Ink4a/Arf(-/-) neural stem cells (NSCs) or astrocytes with constitutively active EGFR induces a common high-grade glioma phenotype. These findings identify NSCs and astrocytes as equally permissive compartments for gliomagenesis and provide evidence that p16(INK4a) and p19(ARF) synergize to maintain terminal astrocyte differentiation. These data support the view that dysregulation of specific genetic pathways, rather than cell-of-origin, dictates the emergence and phenotype of high-grade gliomas.

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          12086863

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