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      Translated title: Bats of the Estacão Ecológica Aiuaba, Ceará, Northeastern Brazilian: an integral protection unit in the Caatinga Translated title: Morcegos da Estação Ecológica Aiuaba, Ceará, nordeste do Brasil: uma unidade de proteção integral na caatinga

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          Translated abstract

          Nesse trabalho, inventariamos a quiropterofauna da Estação Ecológica Aiuaba (ESEC Aiuaba), situada no estado do Ceará, nordeste do Brasil, e uma das poucas unidades de proteção integral no bioma Caatinga. Cinco campanhas de agosto de 2012 a dezembro de 2013 foram conduzidas. Um esforço de 31 500 h.m2 de redes de neblina somadas às 30 horas de busca ativa resultou na captura de 275 espécimes pertencentes a 26 espécies, 24 gêneros e sete famílias. Desse total, 205 indivíduos (26 espécies) foram capturados nas redes de neblina, enquanto 70 (11 espécies) foram capturadas nos abrigos. A família Phyllostomidae foi a mais representativa, contribuindo com 82.9% da abundância total. A espécie mais frequente nas redes de neblina foi Artibeus planirostris (37.5% do total), seguida por Carollia perspicillata (16.5%), Micronycteris sanborni (8.8%), Glossophaga soricina (5.4%), Myotis lavali (5.3%) e Trachops cirrhosus (4.4%). Pteronotus gymnonotus, A. planirostris e M. sanborni estavam prenhes em dezembro (final da época seca) e A. planirostris, M. sanborni, Gardnerycteris crenulatum, T. cirrhosus, Molossus molossus e Myotis lavali estavam lactantes em abril (final da época chuvosa). A quiropterofauna da ESEC Aiuaba destacou-se como uma das mais diversas da Caatinga, contendo 55% da diversidade de morcegos registrada no Ceará. A diversidade elevada de molossídeos e vespertilionídeos encontrada pode ser explicada pela presença de corpos de água perenes próximos aos pontos de coleta. Nós registramos a maior abundância de M. sanborni já reportada. Os nossos resultados oriundos do monitoramento dos abrigos reforçam a importância de métodos complementares visando retratar propriamente a estruturação da taxocenose dos morcegos. Nós discutimos a variação dos carácteres diagnósticos morfológicos utilizados atualmente para diferenciar Peropteryx trinitatis e P. macrotis.

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          Neotropical Bats: Estimating Species Diversity with DNA Barcodes

          DNA barcoding using the cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 gene (COI) is frequently employed as an efficient method of species identification in animal life and may also be used to estimate species richness, particularly in understudied faunas. Despite numerous past demonstrations of the efficiency of this technique, few studies have attempted to employ DNA barcoding methodologies on a large geographic scale, particularly within tropical regions. In this study we survey current and potential species diversity using DNA barcodes with a collection of more than 9000 individuals from 163 species of Neotropical bats (order Chiroptera). This represents one of the largest surveys to employ this strategy on any animal group and is certainly the largest to date for land vertebrates. Our analysis documents the utility of this tool over great geographic distances and across extraordinarily diverse habitats. Among the 163 included species 98.8% possessed distinct sets of COI haplotypes making them easily recognizable at this locus. We detected only a single case of shared haplotypes. Intraspecific diversity in the region was high among currently recognized species (mean of 1.38%, range 0–11.79%) with respect to birds, though comparable to other bat assemblages. In 44 of 163 cases, well-supported, distinct intraspecific lineages were identified which may suggest the presence of cryptic species though mean and maximum intraspecific divergence were not good predictors of their presence. In all cases, intraspecific lineages require additional investigation using complementary molecular techniques and additional characters such as morphology and acoustic data. Our analysis provides strong support for the continued assembly of DNA barcoding libraries and ongoing taxonomic investigation of bats.
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            Bat activity on riparian zones and upper slopes in Australian timber production forests and the effectiveness of riparian buffers

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              Concentration of bat activity in riparian habitats over an elevational gradient

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                mznt
                Mastozoología neotropical
                Mastozool. neotrop.
                Sociedad Argentina para el Estudio de los Mamíferos (SAREM) (Mendoza, Mendoza, Argentina )
                0327-9383
                1666-0536
                December 2017
                : 24
                : 2
                : 333-346
                Affiliations
                João Pessoa PB orgnameUniversidade Federal da Paraíba orgdiv1CCEN orgdiv2Departamento de Sistemática e Ecologia Brasil
                João Pessoa PB orgnameUniversidade Federal da Paraíba orgdiv1CCEN orgdiv2Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Biológicas (Zoologia) Brasil
                Article
                S0327-93832017000200008

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 50, Pages: 14
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