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      Measuring the Construction Project Resilience from the Perspective of Employee Behaviors

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      Buildings

      MDPI AG

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          Abstract

          The increasing developmental potentiality for the construction industry brings the huge challenge to make up the limitation of traditional construction project management mode when adapting to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Due to the high energy and resource consumption for the construction projects, there are a large number of uncertainties and disturbances in achieving resilient urban infrastructure. Studying construction project resilience (CPR) is imperative. However, prior studies preferred to measure resilience by systemic indicators, which are complex and unfriendly. Studying CPR from the perspective of employee behavior (EB) remains rare. Hence, this study proposed a social network analysis (SNA) methodology to overcome the research gap. Firstly, six EBs are identified by the systematic literature review (SLR). Then, the critical employees (CEs) and their interrelationships are investigated to form the social network. Six SNA parameters including density, degree centrality, betweenness centrality, efficiency, constraint, and cliques are selected to model the EBs, namely PMT cohesion, the identity of the project culture, formal behavior between employees, collaboration efficacy, informal social constraints, and reciprocity and mutual trust. Finally, the value of CPR is obtained and the strategies for improving the CPR are proposed from four characteristics: robustness, redundancy, rapidity, and resourcefulness. The findings provided a simple and effective techniques to measure the CPR and could benefit the project manager to improve the CPR by exerting accurate strategies to the EBs in poor performance.

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          Most cited references116

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          A multilevel model of safety climate: cross-level relationships between organization and group-level climates.

          Organizational climates have been investigated separately at organization and subunit levels. This article tests a multilevel model of safety climate, covering both levels of analysis. Results indicate that organization-level and group-level climates are globally aligned, and the effect of organization climate on safety behavior is fully mediated by group climate level. However, the data also revealed meaningful group-level variation in a single organization, attributable to supervisory discretion in implementing formal procedures associated with competing demands like safety versus productivity. Variables that limit supervisory discretion (i.e., organization climate strength and procedural formalization) reduce both between-groups climate variation and within-group variability (i.e., increased group climate strength), although effect sizes were smaller than those associated with cross-level climate relationships. Implications for climate theory are discussed. Copyright 2005 APA, all rights reserved.
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            A Framework to Quantitatively Assess and Enhance the Seismic Resilience of Communities

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              Public stereotypes of recycled water end uses with different human contact: Evidence from event-related potential (ERP)

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Buildings
                Buildings
                MDPI AG
                2075-5309
                January 2022
                January 06 2022
                : 12
                : 1
                : 56
                Article
                10.3390/buildings12010056
                70d9dd5a-44ec-4896-b8bb-c992492c0568
                © 2022
                Product
                Self URI (article page): https://www.mdpi.com/2075-5309/12/1/56

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