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      Del populismo al autoritarismo legalizado. Análisis histórico comparado entre Venezuela y Nicaragua Translated title: From populism to legalized authoritarianism. Historical comparative analysis between Venezuela and Nicaragua

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          Abstract

          Resumen Venezuela y Nicaragua tienen trayectorias socioeconómicas, políticas e institucionales muy diferentes entre sí. Sin embargo, en la contemporaneidad comparten la calificación de democracias mínimas por diversos análisis. Por ello, nos planteamos como objetivo de investigación analizar desde perspectiva histórica comparada la evolución de los sistemas políticos de Venezuela y Nicaragua, con énfasis en la configuración y gobierno del chavismo y del orteguismo. La metodología utilizada es el Análisis Histórico Comparado (AHC). En el artículo se afirma que si bien los rasgos de los fenómenos del populismo y del autoritarismo legalizado se superponen temporalmente, se observa que al principio de los períodos presidenciales de Chávez y Ortega resaltó el populismo y luego se fueron haciendo más autoritarios.

          Translated abstract

          Abstract Venezuela and Nicaragua have very different socio-economic, political and institutional trajectories. However, in the contemporaneity they share the qualification of minimal democracies by different analysis. For this reason, we set out as a research objective to analyze the evolution of Venezuela and Nicaragua political systems from an historical compared perspective, emphasizing the chavismo and orteguismo configuration and government. The used research method is a Comparative Historical Analysis (CHA). The article states that although the features of the phenomena of populism and legalized authoritarianism temporarily overlap, it is observed that at the beginning of Chavez and Ortega presidential periods, populism stood out and then became more authoritarian.

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          Most cited references 54

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          Clarifying a Contested Concept: Populism in the Study of Latin American Politics

           Kurt Weyland (2001)
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            LATIN AMERICAN NEOPOPULISM

             KURT WEYLAND (2003)
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              The Threat from the Populist Left

               Kurt Weyland (2013)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                noesis
                Nóesis. Revista de ciencias sociales y humanidades
                Nóesis, Rev. cienc. soc. humanid.
                Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez, Instituto de Ciencias Sociales y Administración (Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, Mexico )
                0188-9834
                2395-8669
                June 2020
                : 29
                : 57
                : 23-38
                Affiliations
                orgnameUniversidad de Los Andes Venezuela rafaelgustavomd@ 123456hotmail.com
                Article
                S2395-86692020000100023 S2395-8669(20)02905700023
                10.20983/noesis.2020.1.2

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 55, Pages: 16
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                Categories
                Ciencias sociales

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