Nieun Seo , MD 1 , 2 , Seong J Park , MD, PhD 3 , Bohyun Kim , MD 4 , Chang K Lee , PhD 1 , Jimi Huh , MD 1 , Jeong K Kim , MD, PhD 1 , Seung S Lee , MD, PhD 1 , In S Kim , MS 5 , Dominik Nickel , PhD 6 , Kyung W Kim , MD, PhD , 1
07 September 2016
To evaluate the feasibilities of controlled aliasing in parallel imaging results in higher acceleration with volumetric interpolated breath-hold examination (CAIPIRINHA-VIBE), radial acquisition of VIBE (Radial-VIBE) with k-space-weighted image contrast (KWIC) reconstruction (KWIC-Radial-VIBE) and conventional-VIBE (c-VIBE) for free-breathing dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE)-MRI of the abdomen.
23 prospectively enrolled patients underwent DCE-MRI of the abdomen with CAIPIRINHA-VIBE ( n = 10), KWIC-Radial-VIBE ( n = 6) or c-VIBE ( n = 7). Qualitative image quality of the DCE-MR images and perfusion maps was independently scored by two abdominal radiologists using a 5-point scale (from 1, uninterpretable, to 5, very good). For quantitative analysis, the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the liver and goodness-of-fit (GOF) of the time–intensity curve were measured.
In the three tested sequences, DCE-MRI had good temporal (5 s) and spatial resolution (1.48 × 1.48 × 4 mm/voxel). Interobserver agreement in the qualitative analysis was good ( ĸ = 0.753; 95% confidence interval, 0.610–0.895). Therefore, the mean scores were used in the data analysis. Overall image quality was comparable between CAIPIRINHA-VIBE (3.52 ± 0.55) and KWIC-Radial-VIBE (3.72 ± 0.37; p = 1.000), and both were significantly better than c-VIBE (2.71 ± 0.34; p < 0.001). Perfusion map quality score was highest with KWIC-Radial-VIBE (4.33 ± 0.65), followed by CAIPIRINHA-VIBE (3.70 ± 0.73) and c-VIBE (3.14 ± 0.66), but without statistical significance between CAIPIRINHA-VIBE and KWIC-Radial-VIBE ( p = 0.167). The SNR of the liver and GOF of the time–intensity curve did not significantly differ between the three sequences ( p = 0.116 and 0.224, respectively).
CAIPIRINHA-VIBE and KWIC-Radial-VIBE provide comparably better performance than c-VIBE. Both can be feasible sequences with acceptable good image quality for free-breathing DCE-MRI.