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      A moderated-mediation analysis of abusive supervision, fear of negative evaluation and psychological distress among Egyptian hotel employees


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          By integrating cognitive appraisal and social exchange theories, this paper examines the linkage of supervisors’ abusive reactions with psychological distress through their subordinates’ fear of negative evaluation. This paper also investigates the moderating role of negative reciprocity. Data were gathered from 412 employees at 15 five-star hotels in Egypt and analyzed using PROCESS 4.0 macro in SPSS (Model 5). The findings revealed that abusive supervision was strongly positively connected with psychological distress caused by FNE. Furthermore, negative reciprocity may reduce the abusive supervision-psychological distress relationship. The positive effect of abusive supervision on psychological distress was weaker among hotel employees who held high levels of negative reciprocity. The PROCESS and narratological results highlight the need of taking negative reciprocity into account while investigating undesirable workplace behavior (i.e., abusive acts of supervisors) in the hospitality context by providing fruitful theoretical and practical contributions.

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          The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s12144-022-03822-4.

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          Interest in the problem of method biases has a long history in the behavioral sciences. Despite this, a comprehensive summary of the potential sources of method biases and how to control for them does not exist. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to examine the extent to which method biases influence behavioral research results, identify potential sources of method biases, discuss the cognitive processes through which method biases influence responses to measures, evaluate the many different procedural and statistical techniques that can be used to control method biases, and provide recommendations for how to select appropriate procedural and statistical remedies for different types of research settings.
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            One possible reason for the continued neglect of statistical power analysis in research in the behavioral sciences is the inaccessibility of or difficulty with the standard material. A convenient, although not comprehensive, presentation of required sample sizes is provided here. Effect-size indexes and conventional values for these are given for operationally defined small, medium, and large effects. The sample sizes necessary for .80 power to detect effects at these levels are tabled for eight standard statistical tests: (a) the difference between independent means, (b) the significance of a product-moment correlation, (c) the difference between independent rs, (d) the sign test, (e) the difference between independent proportions, (f) chi-square tests for goodness of fit and contingency tables, (g) one-way analysis of variance, and (h) the significance of a multiple or multiple partial correlation.
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              The Norm of Reciprocity: A Preliminary Statement


                Author and article information

                Curr Psychol
                Curr Psychol
                Current Psychology (New Brunswick, N.j.)
                Springer US (New York )
                26 October 2022
                26 October 2022
                : 1-16
                [1 ]GRID grid.33003.33, ISNI 0000 0000 9889 5690, Hotel Management Department, Faculty of Tourism and Hotels, , Suez Canal University, ; Ismailia, 41522 Egypt
                [2 ]GRID grid.411126.1, ISNI 0000 0004 0369 5557, Tourism Guiding Department, Faculty of Tourism, , Adıyaman University, ; Adıyaman, Turkey
                [3 ]GRID grid.449644.f, ISNI 0000 0004 0441 5692, Marketing Department, Faculty of Business Administration, , Shaqra University, ; Shaqra, Saudi Arabia
                [4 ]GRID grid.252487.e, ISNI 0000 0000 8632 679X, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts, , Assiut University, ; Assiut, Egypt
                Author information
                © The Author(s) 2022

                Open AccessThis article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

                : 26 September 2022
                Funded by: Suez Canal University

                Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry
                abusive supervision,cognitive appraisal theory,hotel employees,psychological distress,negative reciprocity


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