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      Indirect effects of COVID-19 on the environment

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          Abstract

          This research aims to show the positive and negative indirect effects of COVID-19 on the environment, particularly in the most affected countries such as China, USA, Italy, and Spain. Our research shows that there is a significant association between contingency measures and improvement in air quality, clean beaches and environmental noise reduction. On the other hand, there are also negative secondary aspects such as the reduction in recycling and the increase in waste, further endangering the contamination of physical spaces (water and land), in addition to air. Global economic activity is expected to return in the coming months in most countries (even if slowly), so decreasing GHG concentrations during a short period is not a sustainable way to clean up our environment.

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          Highlights

          • Positive and negative indirect effects of COVID-19 on the environment are presented.

          • Contingency policies are linked to improvements in air quality, clean beaches and less environmental noise.

          • Increased waste and the reduction of recycling are negative side effects of COVID-19.

          • Decreasing GHGs during a short period is not a sustainable way to clean up our environment.

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          Author and article information

          Contributors
          Journal
          Sci Total Environ
          Sci. Total Environ
          The Science of the Total Environment
          Elsevier B.V.
          0048-9697
          1879-1026
          20 April 2020
          20 April 2020
          Affiliations
          [a ]Universidad Espíritu Santo, Ecuador
          [b ]Escuela Superior Politécnica del Litoral, ESPOL, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales y Humanísticas, Campus Gustavo Galindo Km 30.5 Vía Perimetral, P.O. Box 09-01-5863, Guayaquil, Ecuador
          [c ]Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Iztapalapa, Mexico
          Author notes
          [* ]Corresponding author. manuelzambranom@ 123456uees.edu.ec
          Article
          S0048-9697(20)32330-5 138813
          10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138813
          7169883
          7222ebb4-e1d0-43ec-9ce6-39c372b5f29b
          © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

          Since January 2020 Elsevier has created a COVID-19 resource centre with free information in English and Mandarin on the novel coronavirus COVID-19. The COVID-19 resource centre is hosted on Elsevier Connect, the company's public news and information website. Elsevier hereby grants permission to make all its COVID-19-related research that is available on the COVID-19 resource centre - including this research content - immediately available in PubMed Central and other publicly funded repositories, such as the WHO COVID database with rights for unrestricted research re-use and analyses in any form or by any means with acknowledgement of the original source. These permissions are granted for free by Elsevier for as long as the COVID-19 resource centre remains active.

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