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      Psychological Strain and Suicidal Ideation in Athletes: The Multiple Mediating Effects of Hopelessness and Depression


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          The present study aims to examine the relationship between psychological strain, suicidal ideation, hopelessness, and depression among Chinese athletes. Participants were 774 Chinese athletes (454 men and 320 women), with a range of ages from 12 to 35 ( M = 18.47, SD = 3.39). The structural equation modeling method was used to examine the multiple mediating effects of hopelessness and depression between psychological strain and suicidal ideation. As expected, a positive correlation between psychological strain, suicidal ideation, hopelessness, and depression was found. Additionally, results seem to indicate that psychological strain directly and positively influenced suicidal ideation, and that hopelessness and depression played a serial mediating role in the relationship between psychological strain and suicidal ideation. To conclude, the psychological strain theory is applicable for explaining suicidal ideation in athletes. In athletes, psychological strain is sequentially associated first with a sense of hopelessness and then depression, which is in turn related to suicidal ideation. The present study makes a significant contribution to the literature because we provide a new theoretical basis and new methods for preventing mental disorder and suicidality in athletes.

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                Author and article information

                Int J Environ Res Public Health
                Int J Environ Res Public Health
                International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
                02 November 2020
                November 2020
                : 17
                : 21
                : 8087
                [1 ]School of Physical Education, Shandong University, Jinan 250061, China; sunguoxiao@ 123456sdu.edu.cn (G.S.); ZhaojingyiSports@ 123456mail.sdu.edu.cn (J.Z.); tiansiyu@ 123456mail.sdu.edu.cn (S.T.)
                [2 ]Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan 250012, China
                [3 ]School of Psychology, Beijing Sport University, Beijing 100084, China; liweizhang@ 123456hotmail.com
                [4 ]Center for Suicide Prevention Research, Shandong University, Jinan 250012, China
                Author notes
                [* ]Correspondence: jiacunxian@ 123456sdu.edu.cn
                © 2020 by the authors.

                Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

                : 15 September 2020
                : 29 October 2020

                Public health
                mental health,athletes,suicidal ideation,psychological strain,hopelessness,depression
                Public health
                mental health, athletes, suicidal ideation, psychological strain, hopelessness, depression


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