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      Transvenous Pacing Lead-Induced Thrombosis: A Series of Cases with a Review of the Literature

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          Abstract

          Although transvenous pacing is a safe treatment modality for bradyarrhythmias, serious thrombotic and embolic complications are reported to occur in 0.6–3.5% of cases. We describe 5 cases of pacemaker-associated thrombosis, 3 with a superior vena cava syndrome (SVC), 1 with an axillary vein thrombosis and 1 with a thrombus attached to the pacing lead in the right atrium. All of the patients were initially treated with intravenous heparin which proved successful as the sole treatment in only the least severe case (axillary vein thrombosis). One of the patients with SVC obstruction was successfully treated with intravenous heparin followed by thrombolytic therapy. The remaining 3 cases (2 SVC syndromes and 1 right atrial thrombus) required surgical removal of thrombus and pacing leads. Both of the patients with evidence of infection were in the group for whom failure of medical therapy necessitated surgery.

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          Most cited references 1

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          Streptokinase dissolution of a right atrial thrombus associated with a temporary pacemaker

           K. May (1988)
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            Author and article information

            Journal
            CRD
            Cardiology
            10.1159/issn.0008-6312
            Cardiology
            S. Karger AG
            0008-6312
            1421-9751
            2000
            August 2000
            14 August 2000
            : 93
            : 3
            : 142-148
            Affiliations
            aDepartment of Cardiology, The Royal Hospitals Trust, The London Chest Hospital and bSt. Bartholomew’s Hospital, London, UK
            Article
            7018 Cardiology 2000;93:142–148
            10.1159/000007018
            10965084
            © 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 8, Tables: 1, References: 45, Pages: 7
            Categories
            General Cardiology

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