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Detection of Ehrlichia canis in bone marrow aspirates of experimentally infected dogs Translated title: Detecção de Ehrlichia canis em aspirados de medula óssea de cães experimentalmente infectados

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      Abstract

      The present work describes the detection of infected cells in the bone marrow aspirates of dogs experimentally infected with a Brazilian isolate of Ehrlichia canis. Dogs were monitored twice a day by clinical evaluation and peripheral blood smear examination. Every three days, blood samples were collected for cell counts. Weekly, aspirates from the bone marrow were examined and serum samples were tested by IFAT. The clinical signs observed were fever, pallid membranes, lymphadenopathy, serous nasal secretions, and pronounced weight loss. Hematological alterations included normocytic normochromic anemia, decrease of neutrophils and lymphocytes, and thrombocytopenia. Few E. canis infected cells were seen in blood smears. However, stages of E. canis were visualized in bone marrow aspirates 15 days post infection.

      Translated abstract

      O presente trabalho descreve a detecção de células infectadas em aspirados de medula óssea de cães experimentalmente infectados com uma amostra brasileira de Ehrlichia canis. Os cães foram monitorados duas vezes por dia através de avaliação clínica e exames de esfregaços de sangue periférico. A cada três dias, amostras de sangue foram coletadas para contagem celular. Semanalmente foram feitas punções de medula óssea para exame microscópico direto do material aspirado e coleta de sangue para exames sorológicos através da reação de imunofluorescência indireta. Os sinais clínicos observados foram febre, membranas pálidas, linfadenopatias, secreções nasais serosas e acentuada perda de peso. As alterações hematológicas incluíram anemia normocítica normocrômica, redução de neutrófilos e linfócitos e trombocitopenia. Poucas células infectadas com E. canis foram observadas em esfregaços sanguíneos, entretanto várias formas de desenvolvimento de E. canis foram visualizadas em aspirados de medula óssea 15 dias após a infecção.

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      Most cited references 4

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      Retrospective study (1998-2001) on canine ehrlichiosis in Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil

      The present work describes a retrospective study of clinical cases of ehrlichiosis in dogs examined from March 1998 to September 2001. From the clinical records with laboratorial confirmation of Ehrlichia canis or E. platys infections, the following parameters were analyzed: demographic aspects (age, race, sex, period of the year and origin), clinical characteristics (body temperature, exposure to ticks and clinical signs), and hematological characteristics (blood cell counts and type of infected cell). A total of 194 clinical records were analyzed, from which 31 animals were infected with E. canis and 21 animals with E. platys. The number of cases of canine ehrlichiosis increased considerably from the year 2000 onwards, and 24.4% of the cases occurred in 13- to 24-month-old animals, in different urban and per-urban regions of the municipality of Belo Horizonte. The most frequent symptoms were fever, anorexia, apathy, abdominal pain, lymphadenopathy and dispnea. Regarding hematological alterations, 70.3% of the animals presented anemia, 50% presented thrombocytopenia and 30% leukopenia, and most E. canis morulae were seen in monocytes. The results point to the importance of canine ehrlichiosis, as 35.9% of the dogs with suspected hemoparasitic diseases were infected with Ehrlichia canis or E. platys.
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        Tropical canine pancytopenia.

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          Ehrlichiosis in a dog with seizures and nonregenerative anemia.

          Ehrlichia canis infection was diagnosed in a dog with a history of seizures and nonregenerative anemia. Serologic titer to E canis was greater than 1:100. Evaluation of CSF revealed a high cell count, high protein concentration, and a positive Pandy test result. Several mononuclear leukocytes in the CSF contained E canis morulae. Central nervous system lesions are commonly found on postmortem examination of animals with ehrlichiosis, although clinical reports of neurologic signs attributable to this disease are less common. Ehrlichiosis should be included in the differential diagnosis of CNS disease in dogs from enzootic areas.
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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            [1 ] Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais Brazil
            [2 ] Universidade Estadual Paulista Brazil
            [3 ] Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais Brazil
            Contributors
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Journal
            cr
            Ciência Rural
            Cienc. Rural
            Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (Santa Maria )
            1678-4596
            August 2005
            : 35
            : 4
            : 958-960
            S0103-84782005000400038
            10.1590/S0103-84782005000400038

            http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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            Product Information: SciELO Brazil
            Categories
            AGRONOMY

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