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      Nonischemic End-Systolic Performance

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          Abstract

          Nonischemic end-systolic performance decreases during ischemia. These changes in performance are likely to be dependent on the size and site of the ischemic zone, as well as the prevailing loading conditions. This study was designed to examine the effect of regional and generalized changes in inotropy on nonischemic end-systolic performance, independent of the ischemic zone size. Twenty dogs were instrumented with sonomicrometers and micromanometer pressure gauges. End-systolic pressure-thickness relationship data were obained during vena-caval balloon inflation. Measurements were obtained before and 90 s after left circumflex (LC) artery occlusion. Then, simultaneous with the occlusion of the LC artery, isoproterenol (0.04 μg/ml) was infused into the left anterior descending artery. After recovery, the same protocol was repeated before and after propranolol (0.5 mg/kg). In a separate set of animals, the same measurements were made following 2.5 and 5 μg/kg/min dobutamine. The effect of ischemia on the nonischemic end-systolic pressure-thickness relationship was expressed as the extent to which the relationship is shifted to the left. Infusion of intracoronary isoproterenol into the perfusion bed of the nonischemic zone produced a significant increase in the slope of the end-systolic pressure-thickness relationship. During ischemia, however, the extent of leftward shift of this relationship was less than that following β-blockade. Intravenous dobutamine resulted in a dose-dependent increase in the slope of the nonischemic end-systolic pressure thickness relationship, but the extent of leftward displacement of the relationship in response to regional ischemia was less than that following the control occlusion. The nonischemic segment is coupled with the nonfunctioning ischemic zone in such a way that it is required of the nonischemic segment to operate at decreased end-systolic thickness for any end-systolic pressure, the extent of which is to be determined, in part, by the size of the ischemic zone and the contractile state of the nonischemic myocardium. The lower the contractile state prior to coronary occlusion the greater extent of leftward shift of the pressure-thickness relationship.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1999
          June 1999
          18 June 1999
          : 91
          : 1
          : 14-24
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Cardiovascular Medicine and bNuffield Department of Anaesthetics, Radcliffe Infirmary and University of Oxford, UK, and cCentro Fisiologia Clinica e Ipertensione e Divisione di Cardiologia, IRCCS Ospedale ‘Maggiore’, Milano, Italy
          Article
          6872 Cardiology 1999;91:14–24
          10.1159/000006872
          10393394
          © 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 5, Tables: 6, References: 19, Pages: 11
          Categories
          General Cardiology, Basic Science

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