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      The hidden half: ecology and evolution of cryptobenthic fishes on coral reefs : Cryptobenthic reef fishes

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          Surviving in a marine desert: the sponge loop retains resources within coral reefs.

          Ever since Darwin's early descriptions of coral reefs, scientists have debated how one of the world's most productive and diverse ecosystems can thrive in the marine equivalent of a desert. It is an enigma how the flux of dissolved organic matter (DOM), the largest resource produced on reefs, is transferred to higher trophic levels. Here we show that sponges make DOM available to fauna by rapidly expelling filter cells as detritus that is subsequently consumed by reef fauna. This "sponge loop" was confirmed in aquarium and in situ food web experiments, using (13)C- and (15)N-enriched DOM. The DOM-sponge-fauna pathway explains why biological hot spots such as coral reefs persist in oligotrophic seas--the reef's paradox--and has implications for reef ecosystem functioning and conservation strategies.
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            Extinction vulnerability in marine populations

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              Invasive Indo-Pacific lionfish Pterois volitans reduce recruitment of Atlantic coral-reef fishes

               MA Albins,  MA Hixon (2008)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Biological Reviews
                Biol Rev
                Wiley
                14647931
                May 07 2018
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Department of Biological Sciences; Simon Fraser University; Burnaby V5A 1S6 Canada
                [2 ]Tennenbaum Marine Observatories Network; Smithsonian Institution; Edgewater MD 21037 U.S.A.
                [3 ]Function, Evolution and Anatomy Research (FEAR) Lab and Palaeoscience Research Centre, School of Environmental and Rural Science; University of New England; Armidale 2351 Australia
                [4 ]College of Science and Engineering; James Cook University; Townsville 4811 Australia
                [5 ]ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies; James Cook University; Townsville 4811 Australia
                [6 ]School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, and the Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture; University of Washington; Seattle WA 98105 U.S.A.
                Article
                10.1111/brv.12423
                © 2018

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