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Atividade física e qualidade de vida Translated title: Physical activity and quality of life

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      Abstract

      Acredita-se na atividade física como uma forma de restaurar a saúde dos efeitos nocivos que a rotina estressante do trabalho/estudo traz. O estudo constitui uma pesquisa transversal que objetiva analisar as associações da prática de atividades esportivas na qualidade de vida dos indivíduos. A amostra foi constituída por 107 professores, 111 funcionários e 638 estudantes da Universidade Católica de Pelotas (UCPel), totalizando 863 participantes. Foram utilizados como instrumentos o WHOQOL-breve/OMS para avaliar a qualidade de vida e questionário de atividades físicas habituais traduzido e modificado por NahasNuPAF/UFSC, 2001. Do total, 394 são do sexo masculino e 469 do sexo feminino. Destes, 313 são moderadamente ativos, 210 inativos, 207 ativos e 136 são muito ativos. Pode-se observar que, em média, quanto mais ativa a pessoa é, melhor sua qualidade de vida. Além disso, dentre as diferenças na qualidade de vida das pessoas que praticam atividades físicas comparadas com as que não praticam, não estão apenas os aspectos de saúde física, mas também aspectos psicológicos e cognitivos. Estes resultados servem de estímulo a profissionais de diferentes áreas para incentivarem e apoiarem a definição de rotinas de atividades físicas para seus pacientes.

      Translated abstract

      Physical activity is believed to be a form to restore the health of the harmful effects caused by a stressful work/study routine. The study comprises a transversal research which aims at analyzing the associations of the practice of sports activities in the quality of life of individuals. The sample was comprised 107 professors, 111 employees and 638 students of the Universidade Católica de Pelotas UCPEL-RS, totalizing 863 participants. WHOQOL-brief/OMS were used as a tool to evaluate quality of life as well as the Questionnaire of habitual physical activities translated and modified by Nahas - NuPAF/UFSC, 2001. Of the total, 394 are males and 469 are females. Of these, 313 are moderately active, 210 inactive, 207 active and 136 are very active. We can observe that, on average, the more active the person is, the better their quality of life is. Moreover, amongst the differences in the quality of life of people who practice physical activities compared with those who do not practice any activity, are not only the aspects of physical health, but also psychological and cognitive aspects. These results serve as a motivation to professionals of different areas to encourage and support the definition of physical activities routine for their patients.

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      Most cited references 32

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      Xenoestrogens released from lacquer coatings in food cans.

      We present data showing that some foods preserved in lacquer-coated cans and the liquid in them may acquire estrogenic activity. Hormonal activity was measured using the E-screen bioassay. The biological activity of vegetables packed in cans was a result of plastic monomers used in manufacturing the containers. The plastic monomer bisphenol-A, identified by mass spectrometry, was found as a contaminant not only in the liquid of the preserved vegetables but also in water autoclaved in the cans. The amount of bisphenol-A in the extracts accounted for all the hormonal activity measured. Although the presence of other xenoestrogens cannot be ruled out, it is apparent that all estrogenic activity in these cans was due to bisphenol-A leached from the lacquer coating. The use of plastic in food-packaging materials may require closer scrutiny to determine whether epoxy resins and polycarbonates contribute to human exposure to xenoestrogens. Images Figure 1. Figure 2. A Figure 2. B Figure 3. A Figure 3. B Figure 4. Figure 5. A Figure 5. B Figure 6.
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        introdução á estatística

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          Atividade física saúde e qualidade de vida: conceitos e sugestões para um estilo de vida ativo

           MV Nahas,  M. Nahas,  MV Nahas (2001)
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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            [1 ] Universidade Católica de Pelotas Brazil
            [2 ] Universidade Católica de Pelotas Brazil
            Contributors
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Journal
            csc
            Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
            Ciênc. saúde coletiva
            ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva (Rio de Janeiro )
            1413-8123
            January 2010
            : 15
            : 1
            : 115-120
            S1413-81232010000100017 10.1590/S1413-81232010000100017

            http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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            Product Information: SciELO Brazil
            Categories
            Health Policy & Services

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