Andrzej Szczudlik 1 , Jan Dobrogowski 2 , Jerzy Wordliczek 3 , Adam Stępień 4 , Małgorzata Krajnik 5 , Wojciech Leppert 6 , Jarosław Woroń 7 , Anna Przeklasa-Muszyńska 2 , Magdalena Kocot-Kępska 2 , Renata Zajączkowska 2 , Marcin Janecki 8 , Anna Adamczyk 5 , Małgorzata Malec-Milewska 9
Central pain, Complex regional pain syndrome, HIV-associated neuropathic pain, Malignant pain, Neuropathic pain, Painful diabetic polyneuropathy, Persistent post-operative and post-traumatic pain, Post-herpetic neuralgia, Trigeminal neuralgia
Neuropathic pain may be caused by a variety of lesions or diseases of both the peripheral and central nervous system. The most common and best known syndromes of peripheral neuropathic pain are painful diabetic neuropathy, trigeminal and post-herpetic neuralgia, persistent post-operative and post-traumatic pain, complex regional pain syndrome, cancer-related neuropathic pain, HIV-related neuropathic pain and pain after amputation. The less common central pain comprises primarily central post-stroke pain, pain after spinal cord injury, central pain in Parkinson disease or in other neurodegenerative diseases, pain in syringomyelia and in multiple sclerosis. A multidisciplinary team of Polish experts, commissioned by the Polish Association for the Study of Pain and the Polish Neurological Society, has reviewed the literature on various types of neuropathic pain, with special focus on the available international guidelines, and has formulated recommendations on their diagnosis and treatment, in accordance with the principles of evidence-based medicine (EBM). High quality studies on the efficacy of various medicines and medical procedures in many neuropathic pain syndromes are scarce, which makes the recommendations less robust.