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      Ability of pulse power, esophageal Doppler, and arterial pulse pressure to estimate rapid changes in stroke volume in humans.

      Critical Care Medicine

      physiology, Stroke Volume, Pulse, Monitoring, Physiologic, Middle Aged, Male, Humans, Echocardiography, Transesophageal, Echocardiography, Doppler, Blood Pressure, Aged

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          Measures of arterial pulse pressure variation and left ventricular stroke volume variation induced by positive-pressure breathing vary in proportion to preload responsiveness. However, the accuracy of commercially available devices to report dynamic left ventricular stroke volume variation has never been validated. We compared the accuracy of measured arterial pulse pressure and estimated left ventricular stroke volume reported from two Food and Drug Administration-approved aortic flow monitoring devices, one using arterial pulse power (LiDCOplus) and the other esophageal Doppler monitor (HemoSonic). We compared estimated left ventricular stroke volume and their changes during a venous occlusion and release maneuver to a calibrated aortic flow probe placed around the aortic root on a beat-to-beat basis in seven anesthetized open-chested cardiac surgery patients. Dynamic changes in arterial pulse pressure closely tracked left ventricular stroke volume changes (mean r .96). Both devices showed good agreement with steady-state apneic left ventricular stroke volume values and moderate agreement with dynamic changes in left ventricular stroke volume (esophageal Doppler monitor -1 +/- 22 mL, and pulse power -7 +/- 12 mL, bias +/- 2 sd). In general, the pulse power signals tended to underestimate left ventricular stroke volume at higher left ventricular stroke volume values. Arterial pulse pressure, as well as, left ventricular stroke volume estimated from esophageal Doppler monitor and pulse power reflects short-term steady-state left ventricular stroke volume values and tract dynamic changes in left ventricular stroke volume moderately well in humans.

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