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      Platelet Interaction with Human Umbilical Cord Vascular Basement Membrane

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          Abstract

          The basement membrane of the human umbilical vein was studied by electron microscopy with respect to its ultrastructure, susceptibility to digestion by collagenase or trypsin, and reactivity with human platelets. Electron microscopic examination of this vessel showed a continuous reticulated basement membrane which morphologically resembled those of mammalian capillaries and rabbit heart valves. The vascular endothelium was removed by freezing and thawing, thus uncovering the underlying connective tissue. The vessels were sliced into rings which were incubated with collagenase or trypsin. The basement lamella appeared to be susceptible to digestion by either enzyme. Platelet interaction with exposed vascular basement membrane was studied by rotating frozen-thawed everted and non-everted rings in anticoagulated whole human blood. In heparinized or citrated blood, large aggregates of degranulated platelets adhered to collagenous controls; in contrast, the test rings with exposed basement membrane were partially covered with a monolayer of platelets which appeared to retain discoid or spherical shape and granules. In EDTA-anticoagulated blood, the collagen control rings accumulated a platelet monolayer, whereas little or no adhesion occurred on the basement membrane surface. In this system the basement membrane of the human umbilical vein appears to be a poor platelet reactive surface as compared to collagen.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1976
          1976
          18 September 2008
          : 13
          : 5
          : 267-278
          Affiliations
          Division of Hematology, Department of Medicine, Montefiore Hospital and Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, N.Y.
          Article
          158097 Blood Vessels 1976;13:267–278
          10.1159/000158097
          © 1976 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 12
          Categories
          Research Paper

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