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Atrial Electromechanical Delay Is Impaired in Patients with Psoriasis

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      Abstract

      Objective

      In this study, we aimed to investigate atrial electromechanical delay (EMD) in patients with psoriasis.

      Subjects and Methods

      A total of 43 patients with psoriasis (26 mild-moderate, 17 severe) and 17 healthy control subjects were enrolled. Patients with psoriasis were divided into two groups: the mild-moderate group and the severe group according to their psoriasis area severity index (PASI) scores. Atrial EMD was measured from the lateral mitral annulus and called ‘PA lateral’, from the septal mitral annulus, called ‘PA septal’, and from the right ventricle tricuspid annulus, called ‘PA tricuspid’. Atrial EMD was defined as the time interval from the onset of atrial electrical activity (P wave on surface ECG) to the beginning of mechanical atrial contraction (late diastolic A wave). All three groups were compared with each other, and correlation analysis was performed to investigate the relationship between the PASI score and interatrial EMD.

      Results

      PA lateral was significantly higher in both the mild-moderate psoriasis group and the severe psoriasis group compared to controls (69 ± 12 and 78 ± 13 vs. 60 ± 6 ms; p = 0.001). Also, PA septal (63 ± 11 vs. 53 ± 6 ms; p = 0.005, post hoc analysis) and PA tricuspid (49 ± 7 vs. 41 ± 5 ms; p = 0.009, post hoc analysis) were significantly higher in the severe psoriasis group than in the control group. Correlation analysis revealed that the PASI score was well correlated with PA lateral (r = 0.520, p < 0.001), PA septum (r = 0.460, p = 0.002), interatrial EMD (r = 0.371, p = 0.014) and intra-atrial EMD (r = 0.393, p = 0.009).

      Conclusion

      Atrial EMD was prolonged in patients with psoriasis. The measurement of atrial EMD might be used to determine the risk of development of AF in patients with psoriasis.

      Related collections

      Most cited references 25

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      Psoriasis.

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        Guidelines for the management of atrial fibrillation: the Task Force for the Management of Atrial Fibrillation of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC).

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          ACC/AHA/ASE 2003 guideline update for the clinical application of echocardiography: summary article: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (ACC/AHA/ASE Committee to Update the 1997 Guidelines for the Clinical Application of Echocardiography).

           ,  G Gregoratos,   (2003)
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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            aDepartment of Cardiology, Kayseri Education and Research Hospital, Kayseri, Turkey
            bDepartment of Dermatology, Kayseri Education and Research Hospital, Kayseri, Turkey
            cDepartment of Department of Cardiology, Erciyes University, School of Medicine, Kayseri, Turkey
            Author notes
            *Bahadir Sarli, MD, Department of Cardiology, Kayseri Education and Research Hospital, TR–38010 Kayseri (Turkey), E-Mail drsarli@ 123456yahoo.com
            Journal
            Med Princ Pract
            Med Princ Pract
            MPP
            Medical Principles and Practice
            S. Karger AG (Allschwilerstrasse 10, P.O. Box · Postfach · Case postale, CH–4009, Basel, Switzerland · Schweiz · Suisse, Phone: +41 61 306 11 11, Fax: +41 61 306 12 34, karger@karger.ch )
            1011-7571
            1423-0151
            January 2015
            19 August 2014
            19 August 2014
            : 24
            : 1
            : 30-35
            25138738
            5588181
            10.1159/000365760
            mpp-0024-0030
            Copyright © 2014 by S. Karger AG, Basel

            This is an Open Access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported license (CC BY-NC) (www.karger.com/OA-license), applicable to the online version of the article only. Distribution permitted for non-commercial purposes only.

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            Figures: 1, Tables: 2, References: 25, Pages: 6
            Categories
            Original Paper

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