Low earth orbit (LEO) satellite networks can be used as supplementary networks for ground-based networks to provide network services for complex areas. However, the satellite networks characteristics such as open channels, a dynamic network topology, and a large number of user terminals can lead to problems of security, quality of service (QoS), and network control center overloading. This paper presents a dynamic access authentication protocol based on Token and the satellite orbit predictability and accurate clock synchronization to construct pre-authentication vectors which implement user random access and seamless switching. Simulations show that this protocol satisfies the security requirements with low handover delay and low computational costs for efficient and secure access authentication for users in LEO satellite networks.
摘要 低轨卫星网络能够作为地基网络的补充网络为地形复杂的区域提供网络服务。针对低轨卫星网络信道开放、网络拓扑结构动态变化和用户终端海量的特点导致的安全问题、服务质量问题和网络控制中心负载问题, 提出了一种基于Token的动态接入认证协议, 基于卫星轨迹可预测性和时钟高度同步的特点构造预认证向量, 实现用户的随遇接入和无缝切换。仿真分析结果表明：该协议完全满足安全需求, 并且具有较低的切换延时和计算开销, 可实现低轨卫星网络中用户的高效、安全接入认证。